|| Somali President, Mohamed Farmaajo || Then First Secretary of the Somali Embassy in the United States (1985)
Mohamed's parents were activists affiliated with the Somali Youth League (SYL), Somalia's first political party. During the 1970s, his father worked as a civil servant in the national Department of Transportation.
Mohamed attended a local boarding school in Somalia. Between 1989 and 1993, he completed a Bachelor's degree in History from the University of New York at Buffalo. He followed that in 2009 with a Master's degree in Political Science (American Studies) from the University of New York again.
In an administrative capacity, Mohamed worked at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Somalia before the collapse of the federal government in 1991 and the ensuing civil war. Between 1985 and 1988, he also acted as First Secretary in the Somali embassy in Washington and worked with various human rights organizations. Later on, Farmaajo would become a Commissioner Buffalo Municipal Housing Authority.
On October 14, 2010, Farmaajo was appointed as the new Prime Minister of Somalia. In its first 50 days in office, Prime Minister Mohamed's administration completed its first monthly payment of stipends to government soldiers, and initiated the implementation of a full biometric register for the security forces within a window of four months. In addition, high level federal delegations were dispatched to defuse clan-related tensions in several regions.
To improve transparency, Cabinet ministers fully disclosed their assets and signed a code of ethics. An Anti-Corruption Commission with the power to carry out formal investigations and to review government decisions and protocols was also established so as to more closely monitor all activities by public officials. Furthermore, unnecessary trips abroad by members of government were prohibited, and all travel by ministers now require the Premier's consent. A budget outlining 2011’s federal expenditures was also put before and approved by members of parliament, with the payment of civil service employees prioritized.