Kwame Nkrumah (1909-1972) was a Ghanian nationalist, socialist and pan Africanist and also the first president of the Gold Coast (now Ghana). He led the independence of Ghana from great Britain and presided over it from 1957 as prime minister and from 1959 as president until he was overthrown by a western backed coup in 1966 and exiled to Guinea.
He presided over the development of Ghana along socialist lines and was also crucial to the creation of the predecessor to the African union the organisation of African unity.
Unlike most African "leaders" Nkrumah had a vision beyond staying in power and wrote extensively on pan Africanism, nationalism and the application of socialism in Africa with an emphasis on African unity. His works include: Consciencism, Africa must unite, Handbook of revolutionary warfare, Class struggle in Africa and voice from Conakry to mention a few.
Whilst in exile many attempts were made on his life by agents of imperialism due to his unrelenting criticism of the western imperialists. In 1972 he passed away in Bucharest Romania.
His legacy remains an inspiration to socialists all over Africa and valuable lessons can be learned from his work.