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This picture shows Field Marshal Erwin Rommel as he inspects his troops and positions.
Erwin Rommel is probably the most well known German General and later Field Marshal of the Second World War due to his legacy built up in the North African Theater.
Before Africa, Rommel participated in the Invasions of both Poland in 1939 and France in May-June of 1940.
During the French Campaign, Rommel earned prestige for his success during the Battle of Arras and the Siege of Lille. At one point, Rommel and Guderian, another excellent German commander of Panzer divisions who basically invented blitzkrieg, were competing with one another over how much land they gained as they sped across the French countryside, encircling the allied armies to the north. It was in France that Hitler noticed Rommels ability to lead tanks, troops, and obtain victory.
Rommel was sent to North Africa to relieve the decimated Italian 10th Army, and he soon made himself into a legend with amazing tactical and strategic innovations that granted him victory after victory.
But, his quantity of troops, armor, and aircraft, along with supplies, was always low, and often he was outnumbered in battles/operations.
This is one of the aspects of Rommels career that made him so appealing. He was able to overcome so many hinderances that would have crippled other commanders. He invented his strategy based on his situation, and had he been given more men, things may have been a lot different. Just think about the Second Battle of El Alamein, where Romme had less than 100 tanks going up against around 700 British armored vehicles. The British also had more men and aircraft, and Rommel still have a good fight. Furthermore, Western Africa was being invaded by American and British troops.
After his defeat in North Africa, he was put in charge of the Atlantic Wall, where he did the best he could in the few months he was in charge, and was responsible for the heavy defenses seen on Omaha beach. He had been disgusted by the low quantity of defenses and how irregularly they were placed along the coast, and did everything he could to improve them.