1816-1817 - The American Colonization Society (ACS) bought land and founded Liberia for the resettlement of freed slaves.
1822 - The first freed American slaves arrive in Liberia.
1847 - The #AmericanColonizationSociety gives up control and Liberia gains its independence. Joseph Jenkins Roberts (pictured), a freed slave from Virginia, becomes the first president. For 133 years, Liberia is ruled by the True Whig Party, whose government and constitution are modeled after the United States.
The ACS preferred this emigration option to the alternative: a growing number of free black Americans demanding rights, jobs, and resources at home. Former #PresidentThomasJefferson publicly supported the organization’s goals, and #PresidentJamesMadison arranged public funding for the Society. Supporters of transporting freed blacks to Liberia included #HenryClay, #FrancisScottKey, #BushrodWashington, and the architect of the U.S. Capitol, #WilliamThornton—all slave owners. These "moderates" thought #slavery was unsustainable and should eventually end but did not consider integrating slaves into society a viable option. So, the ACS encouraged #slaveholders to offer #freedom on the condition that those accepting it would move to #Liberia at the society's expense. A number of slave owners did just that.
Between 1822 and the #AmericanCivilWar, some 15,000 #AfricanAmericans settled in Liberia, which was granted independence by the #UnitedStates in 1847 under pressure from #GreatBritain. Liberia was granted official U.S. diplomatic recognition in 1862. It was the first independent democratic republic in African history.
Although founded for freed American and Caribbean slaves, Liberia is mostly inhabited by indigenous Africans, with the slaves' descendants comprising 5% of the population. They are called #AmericoLiberians.