The European robin (Erithacus rubecula) is a small passerine bird, who were once classified as a member of the thrush family (Turdidae) but are now considered to be an Old World flycatcher, meaning they are restricted to the Old World, being Europe, Africa and Asia.
They are currently labelled as least concern on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List of Threatened Species.
British robins are territorial; they rarely move far from where they hatched and will defend their territory to the death, and may even attack piles of red feather or their own reflection.
Both male and female robins hold their own territories in the winter, this means that both the male and female robins sing the same song in the winter.
Since December 15th, 1960 robins have been named Britain’s National Bird. And until the early years of the 20th century the robin was usually known as the redbreast. Although their red feathers don’t appear until after their first moult.
Robins pairs typically raise as many as three broods of chicks a year, but some can manage up to five.
Much like human fingerprints every robin has its own unique breast pattern.