Heracleum lanatum commonly known as Cow Parsnip or Indian Celery is a source of pollen and nectar for honey bees. "Perennial herb [blooms] late May to August [in] general in moist areas [in Oregon]. Of minor value." (Burgett, D. M., Stringer, B. A., & Johnston, L. R. D. (1989). Nectar and Pollen Plants of Oregon and the Pacific Northwest) Also known as pakwânâhtik in Cree. Brassica rapa commonly known as Turnip rape, Field mustard, African mustard, Asian mustard, Pale Cabbage, Wild turnip, Sarson, Bird's rape, Birdsrape mustard, Canola, Field mustard, Rape, or Turnip is a major source of pollen and a okay source of nectar for honey bees. "Produces 25 to 50 lbs of light amber honey in OR." (Lovell, H. B. (1966). Honey Plants Manual) "An important annual crop in India and Pakistan, grown for the oil extracted from its seeds. The flowers are bisexual....The stigma remains fully receptive for 2 days after opening; receptivity then decreases, very few seeds being formed from pollination on the 5th day. Pollen is viable for 7 days. In a yellow-seeded cultivar pollen is shed inwards on the stigma, leading to automatic self-pollination. In other cultivars flowers are self-sterile, and anthers of the (long) stamens shed pollen outwards, away from the stigma. Cross-pollination is essential, and the Indian results quoted showed that 60% increase in seed yield should be obtained by placing hives of honeybees (A. cerana) in the fields. Honeybees collect nectar and pollen from the flowers and sarson is an important honey source...." (Crane, E., & Walker, P. (1984). Pollination Directory for World Crops) Also known as Majroen in Danish; peltokaali in Finnish; colza in French; Rübsen in German; Næpur in Icelandic; Nepe in Norwegian; rova in Swedish; respectively
#Repost @ribeswrench with @get_repost ・・・ Cow Parsnip 🥕 and Field Mustard. Brassica bluffs and Heracleum heights.