Esther, Queen of Persia (c. 520 BC - 450 BC) faces a relatively large amount of feminist criticism for a woman who lived 2,500 years ago. In the Hebrew bible, the Persian king Ahasuerus (Xerxes I) ordered queen Vashti to come to him at a feast and show off her beauty. Vashti refused to come and the king's advisors warned that if the story got out, all the women in the empire would believe they too could disobey their husbands. It was decided, then, that Vashti be deposed and a new queen chosen.
The chosen maiden was Esther. She would go on to save her people, the Jews, from extermination in the empire by convincing Xerxes not to allow it. Some criticize Esther for not being feminist enough. The first queen, Vashti, was a "feminist icon" for asserting her independence and Esther underminded this by taking her place. The natural conclusion of this logic is that every woman in the empire should have refused to marry Xerxes.