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Bruce Ludington, facility manager at Palisades Dam and Powerplant, is the 2016 top honor recipient of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) Hydro Hero award. Ludington started working at Palisades Dam and Powerplant, located on the Snake River about 55 miles southeast of Idaho Falls, Idaho, in August 2000. During his time there he frequently volunteered the facility for new pilot programs, instituted apprentice programs, and mentored supervisors and journeyman from the region. Ludingtonโ€™s efforts had lead him to be nominated and selected for the 2016 FCRPS โ€œBest of the Bestโ€ awards. Read more here:

Pictured from left to right is Roland Springer, area manager for the Snake River Area Office; Bruce Ludington, award recipient and facility manager at Palisades Dam and Powerplant; and Regional Director Lorri Lee of Pacific Northwest. #fcrps #bp #palisadesdam

Literally freezing my ass off ๐Ÿ˜Ž#cryotherapy #painrelief #Fcrps

By now, you have probably heard steelhead returns to the Columbia are well below the most recent ten-year average. As a result, places like the Methow River will not be open to steelhead angling this fall.

In short, that is a bummer.

Although there is value in trying to identify the cause of the decline, there are a couple things to remember. First, the run is not over yet and so we donโ€™t have all of the information on both fish abundance and the survival of different age classes. To fully understand the problem, we will also need to look to next yearโ€™s two-salt steelhead to see if they show the same relatively poor survival as this yearโ€™s one-salt fish.

This is a complex issue and you can read more about our impressions through the link in our profile while we all wait to see what the future holds for Columbia River steelhead. #sciencefriday #wildsteelhead #fcrps

Moving between fresh and saltwater environments would kill the vast majority of fish species on this planet, yet salmonids have developed a strategy known as smoltification to deal with this physiological challenge. A buildup of the enzyme ATPase in gill tissues has been linked to migratory behavior and signals that juvenile salmonids are entering the smolt stage. This enzyme allows them to maintain osmotic balance when entering salty sea water, and if levels drop too low they will not survive the transition. ATPase levels are tightly linked to water temperature and research suggests the threshold for maintaining elevated levels is a surprisingly cool 13ยฐC (55ยฐF). Interestingly, fish that reared in cold water are able to maintain elevated ATPase levels longer than fish reared in warm water providing them with a longer window to complete their transition. Photoperiod also plays into this equation as migratory behavior significantly decreases by the summer solstice in mid-June. Smolts generally begin their migration in early spring and are aided by late winter rains and high flows. For coastal fish this is a relatively easy task as they may only have to swim a few miles. Inland summer steelhead face additional challenges on their many hundreds of miles long journey and any hindrance can mean they do not reach the ocean within their optimal physiological window, likely resulting in death. This has implications for climate change which is predicted to increase temperatures in headwater streams and in watersheds with large impoundments which increase surface water temps and slow juvenile migrations. #sciencefriday #wildsteelhead #fcrps

Cool Fish alert. This steelhead from the Deschutes River has an intact adipose fin but is missing its left upper maxillary bone. This can happen from hooking but is most often a mark used by biologists to differentiate groups of fish. The combination of a left max clip and intact adipose tells us this steelhead was released upstream of Pelton Round Butte hydroelectric project as part of a reintroduction program. In an effort to re-establish naturally reproducing steelhead in the upper watershed juveniles are being released into the Crooked and Metolius Rivers as young of the year (AKA fry) and one year old smolts. Smolts are marked with a left max clip, despite their hatchery origin an adipose clip is not used as these fish are not intended to augment harvest fisheries. Fry are difficult to mark due to their small size so they are released without a clip. Out-migrating fish are trapped, counted, inspected for marks and passed over the dam. While sorting fish at the trap biologists can easily recognize individuals released as smolts by their maxillary clips; invariably there are other unmarked fish from both fry releases and natural spawning. These unmarked fish are given right max clips to distinguish them upon their return as adults. #wildsteelhead #sciencefriday #fcrps #publiclandsproud

#Starbucks and my #eurekavapor pen to start off the day rightโ˜•๏ธ๐ŸโœŒ๏ธ #TheWayMedicineShouldBe #prop215 #fcrps @eurekavapor

Last Friday we looked at how water temperature and flow regimes affect out-migrating smolts. Adult steelhead must run the same gauntlet of dams and reservoirs, often in even warmer and slower water. Scientists studying the effects of reduced current and increased temperature found that reduced water velocity had minimal effects on speed of migration, likely due to the fact that adult steelhead are strong and efficient swimmers and would normally use slower water near the stream margins while migrating under natural conditions. Temperature however had clear and significant impact. Average speeds of about one body length per second were observed around 16ยฐC (61ยฐF). Rate of migration decreased as water temperatures got warmer or colder. This temperature appears to thus represent an optimum metabolic rate for swimming steelhead, in other words fish must expend more energy for the same activity level at warmer and colder temperatures. It also appears this optimum varies between stocks of fish and is likely one way in which steelhead populations have adapted to local environmental conditions. It is well documented that steelhead utilize cold water refuges and tributaries to avoid high temperatures, however from PIT tag data and dam counts we know that fish are still migrating under warm conditions. Being forced to migrate in less than ideal conditions lowers fitness by burning valuable fat stores that would otherwise be used to survive the winter months and spawn. It could also make them more susceptible to disease. Wild steelhead are resilient and can adapt to a wide variety of conditions, but their futures clearly depend on ensuring that water temperatures are not too warm during their upstream migration. #wildsteelhead #fcrps #thankaveterantoday #sciencefriday

โœŒ๏ธ๐Ÿ’Š๐Ÿ’‰ 1st & last #ketamine infusion for me this year hopefully! Hope it helps.. #peaceoutpain #fcrps #ketamineinfusions #spoonie #crpsawareness #cityofhope #newyeargoals


Trying to get some sleep #Fcrps, hopefully this baby will help! ๐ŸŒฟ๐Ÿต๐Ÿฒ. Lil-Dragon OG and Lil-Dragon shatter #hungrymonkeycompany #shatter #twaxjoint #painrelief #cleanmedsonly #rawlife #cannabis #mmj #cannabiscures #plantsoverpills #prop215 #420 #710 #thecruthchlife #crpsawareness #dropfoot #medicalmarijuana #girlswhosmokeweed #goodnight

Stay fresh! @breezmints It got me out of the house today so I was able to get my nails done and brought my pain levels way down. All with one little mint!
I'll take this any day over my prescribed dilaudid๐Ÿ™Œ๐Ÿ’š๐ŸŒฟ๐Ÿฌ #amintadaykeepsthedocaway #breezmints #cannabiscommunity #420 #710 #medicalcannabis #mmj #prop215 #iwanttobeatchalice #100mg #chronicillnessawareness #painrelief #plantsnotpills #clubm #crps #crpsawareness #cloud9health #thecruthchlife #stayfresh

I'm done, DAY 4! Ok so I need to start really early because finishing at 9pm is not good ๐Ÿคฆ๐Ÿฝโ€โ™€๏ธ๐Ÿ˜‚@iamcoachkiwi #chugchallenge #fcrps #fcancer #nomeat #nevergiveup #beastmode #worryboutyourself #fitbit #detox #mealprep #igotthis #weightloss #workouttime #running #walking #greensmoothies #kaoirfitness #therapy #foodprep #detoxwater #chronicpainsurvivor

It's been 3 months and 2wks of not eating meat (weight was 210lbs), Started May 3rd on a daily workout weighing 206lbs. As of today, I weigh in at 173lbs at my doctors appointment! That's 33lbs lost in one month and 3days!!! I so GEEKED! Despite my health situations, I'm giving it my all even when I have to take a break, I get back on it! #BEASTMODE Gotta push myself! #fcrps #fcancer #nomeat #nevergiveup #beastmode #worryboutyourself #fitbit #detox #mealprep #igotthis #weightloss #workouttime #running #walking #greensmoothies #kaoirfitness #therapy #foodprep #detoxwater #chronicpainsurvivor

Just added jump roping in my routine. 2 minutes! 4 sets of 30 seconds, with the last set going as fast as I can. #FCRPS I GOT THIS! "I COULD NEVA LOSE, WHAT YOU THOUGHT!"
No days off! Gotta push myself! #fcrps #fcancer #nomeat #nevergiveup #beastmode #worryboutyourself #fitbit #detox #mealprep #igotthis #weightloss #workouttime #running #walking #greensmoothies #kaoirfitness #therapy #foodprep #detoxwater #chronicpainsurvivor

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