So today lets talk about Composting, that we are undertaking at our Pink Tree Urban Farm
Compost is a soil that is made up of decomposed and recycled matter and used as a fertilizer and soil amendment. Compost is a key ingredient in organic farming.
By composting your organic waste you are returning nutrients back into the soil in order for the cycle of life to continue. Finished compost looks like soil–dark brown, crumbly and smells like a forest floor.
Types of composting: • Backyard composting - If you have a yard and a balance of browns (fallen leaves or straw) and greens (grass clippings and food scraps), you have all you need to make compost. • Worm composting (vermicomposting) - If you have a tiny yard or live in an apartment or have an abundance of food scraps, this type of composting is for you. • Grass cycling - If you have grass clippings and don't want to use them in a compost pile you can leave them on the lawn to decompose. Read about grass cycling for tips, techniques and benefits.
Phases of composting:
Under ideal conditions, composting proceeds through three major phases: • An initial, mesophilic phase, in which the decomposition is carried out under moderate temperatures by mesophilic microorganisms. • As the temperature rises, a second, thermophilic phase starts, in which the decomposition is carried out by various thermophilic bacteria under high temperatures. • As the supply of high-energy compounds dwindles, the temperature starts to decrease, and the mesophiles once again predominate in the maturation phase.
Benefits of Composting • Enriches soil, helping retain moisture and suppress plant diseases and pests. • Reduces the need for chemical fertilizers. • Encourages the production of beneficial bacteria and fungi that break down organic matter to create humus, a rich nutrient-filled material. • Reduces methane emissions from landfills and lowers your carbon footprint.
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