Simple..... #Intelligence has been defined in many different ways including as one's capacity for #logic, #understanding, #selfawareness, #learning, #emotionalknowledge, #planning, #creativity, and #problemsolving. It can be more generally described as the ability to #perceive information, and to retain it as knowledge to be applied towards #adaptive behaviors within an environment or context.
Intelligence is most widely studied in humans, but has also been observed in non-human animals and in plants. #Artificialintelligence is intelligence in machines. It is commonly implemented in computer systems using program software.
Within the discipline of #psychology, various approaches to human intelligence have been adopted. The #psychometric approach is especially familiar to the general public, as well as being the most researched and by far the most widely used in practical settings. Not to be confused with Genus. For other uses, see Genius (disambiguation).
A genius is a person who displays exceptional intellectual ability, creative productivity, universality in genres or originality, typically to a degree that is associated with the achievement of new advances in a domain of knowledge. Despite the presence of scholars in many subjects throughout history, many geniuses have shown high achievements in only a single kind of activity. There is no #scientifically #precise definition of genius,and the question of whether the notion itself has any real meaning has long been a subject of debate,although #psychologists are #converging on a definition that emphasizes creativity and eminent achievement. Usually #genius is associated with #talent, but many authors (for example Cesare Lombroso) systematically distinguish these terms.The assessment of intelligence was initiated by Francis #Galton (1822–1911) and James McKeen #Cattell. They had advocated the analysis of reaction time and sensory acuity as measures of "neurophysiological efficiency" and the analysis of sensory acuity as a measure of intelligence.
#Galton is regarded as the founder of #psychometry. He studied the work of his older half-cousin Charles #Darwin about #biological #evolution.