All the #prophecies which#Balaam makes take the form of#Hebrew #poems:The poems#fall into three groups.The first group consists of two poems which characteristically start immediately. The third group of three poems also start immediately, but are much shorter.The second group, however,consists of two poems which both start:Balaam the son of #Beor hath said,and the man whose eyes are open hath said:He hath said, which heard the words of #God, which saw the vision of the #Almighty, falling into a trance, but having his eyes open.Of these, the first and third groups are considered, according to the#Documentary Hypothesis,to originate within the#Elohist text,whereas the second group is considered to belong to the#Jahwist. Thus the Elohist describes Balaam giving two #blessings, making sacrifices on #sevenaltars, at the high places of #Baal,before each, then deciding not to"seek#enchantments" after the third set of#sacrifices, but to "set his face upon the wilderness," which Balak views as a third blessing, and so Balaam then gives the three final predictions of fate. Conversely, in the Jahwist source, Balaam arrives, the spirit of God comes upon him, and he simply delivers a blessing and a prophecy,in#succession.
The poems themselves are considered to predate the Jahwist and Elohist,and simply to have been embedded by them in their works.While the Elohist took off whatever introduction was present in the poems they chose,the Jahwist left it on.An archaeological discovery in 1965 uncovered references to a Book of Balaam.The main story of Balaam occurs during the sojourn of the Israelites in the plains of Moab,east of the Jordan River,at the close of #40years of wandering, shortly before the death of Moses and the crossing of the Jordan.The Israelites have already defeated two kings in Transjordan Sihon, king of the Amorites and Og,king of Bashan.Balak, king of Moab,consequently becomes alarmed, and sends elders of Midian and his Moabite messengers,to Balaam, son of Beor,to induce him to come and curse Israel.Balaam's location,Pethor, is simply given as"which is by the river of the land of the children of his people"
#lapislazuli #Jaguar #Ja #baalam #balam