Donald Goines (pseudonym: Al C. Clark) (December 15, 1936 – October 21, 1974) was an African-American writer of urban fiction. His novels were deeply influenced by the work of Iceberg Slim.
Born: December 15, 1936
Died: October 21, 1974 (aged 37)
Highland Park, Michigan
Literary movement: Black literature
Goines was born in Detroit,
Michigan on #December15, 1936. His parents were a middle-class black couple that ran a laundry business, with his mother Myrtle Goines telling Goines that her family was descended from Jefferson Davis and a slave. Donald was the middle child of three, and the only son.
At age 15, Goines lied about his age to join the Air Force and fought in the Korean War.
During his stint in the armed forces, Goines developed an #addictiontoheroin that continued after his honorable discharge in the mid-1950s. In order to support his addiction, Goines committed crimes including pimping, larceny, robbery, illegal liquor manufacturing and theft. He resided in several cities, including #KansasCity, #Missouri and Junction City, #Kansas, but mostly in his native #Detroit. He was sentenced to prison several times, both state and federal.
He began writing while serving a sentence in Michigan'sJacksonPenitentiary. Goines initially attempted to write Westerns, but he decided to write urban fiction after reading #Robert"IcebergSlim"Beck's autobiography Pimp: The Story of My Life.
Goines continued to write #novels at an accelerated pace in order to support his #drugaddictions, with some books taking only a month to complete. His sister #JoanGoinesConey later said that Goines wrote at such an accelerated pace in order to avoid committing more crimes and based many of the characters in his books on people he knew in real life.He completed 16 books.
In 1974 Goines published Crime Partners, the first book in the Kenyatta series under the name Al C. Clark. Holloway House's chief executive Bentley Morri