The word “organic” refers to the way farmers grow and process agricultural products. Organic farming practices encourage soil and water conservation, and reduce pollution. Farmers growing organic produce do not use conventional methods to fertilize or control weeds and insects.
Apply chemical fertilizers to promote plant growth.
Spray insecticides to reduce pests and disease.
Use chemical herbicides to manage weeds.
Apply natural fertilizers, such as manure or compost, to feed soil and plants.
Use insects and birds, mating disruption or traps to reduce pests and disease.
Rotate crops, till, hand weed or mulch to manage weeds.
Is organic food more nutritious?
Probably not, but the answer is not yet clear. A recent study examined the past 50 years’ worth of scientific articles about the nutrient content of organic and conventional foods. The researchers concluded that organically and conventional produced foodstuffs are comparable in their nutrient content. Pesticides: Conventional growers use pesticides to protect their crops from insects. According to the USDA, organic produce carries significantly fewer pesticide residues than does conventional produce. However, residues on most products, both organic and non-organic, do not exceed government safety thresholds. Most experts agree that the amount of pesticides found on fruits and vegetables poses very little health risk.
Food Additives: Organic regulations ban or severely restrict the use of food additives, processing aids and fortifying agents
Taste: Some people say they can taste the difference between organic and non-organic food. Others say they find no difference. Taste is a subjective and personal consideration.
Environment: Some people buy organic food for environmental reasons.
Cost: Organic produce often costs more than non-organic.
There is not much specific evidence we can point to that shows significant health benefits of organic produce. It's up to you, whether you buy organic or not. It's all about your preference.