Grasshoppers are insects of the suborder Caelifera within the order Orthoptera , which includes crickets and their allies in the other suborder Ensifera.
There are over 11 000 species of grasshoppers that can be found worldwide. They can survive in different climates and in numerous habitats.
Color of the body provides camouflage and it depends on the habitat. Grasshopper can be green, brown, grayish and ochre in color.
They have long hind legs that are designed for jumping. String-like structure (located in knee) acts like a catapult which sends grasshopper 10 inches high in the air. Grasshopper can travel a distance that is 200 times longer than the body in a single jump.
Diet of grasshoppers is based on various plants. They prefer different types of grass and flowering plants. Grasshoppers have big appetite. Daily intake of food overcomes grasshopper's body weight two times.
One of the most intriguing grasshopper facts is that a grasshopper’s ‘ears’ are located on its abdomen. On either side of th first abdominal segment, just beneath the wings, is a simple eardrum. These eardrums are called Tympana.
Grasshoppers are good at detecting rhythm, but bad at detecting differences in pitch of notes.
They make noises by stridulating (rubbing the hind leg against the wing) and crepitating (snapping the wing in flight).
The 11,000 or so different species of grasshopper have distinct identifying rhythms.
What you probably didn’t know is that grasshoppers are equipped with five eyes.
Main predators of grasshoppers are monkeys, birds, lizards, snakes, rodents and large insects. Grasshoppers are consumed as delicacy in various parts of the world.
Eating insects is called ‘entomophagy’. #Grasshoppers #Caelifera #Orthoptera #Entomophagy #Entomology #insects #life #Nikon #nikonphotograhy #collinjamphotography