... Unlike Duke #Albrecht II , who made to achieve compromises with his powerful neighbours, his son #Rudolf was intent upon increasing both his own power and power of the house of #Habsburg
For all his high ambitions , however, Rudolf failed to achieve royal status , as the fourteenth century had seen the house of #Luxemburg gaining the upper hand in the Empire over the houses of Habsburgs and #Wittelsbach .
Principally thanks to efforts of #Emperor #Charles IV , Rudolf's father in law who had made #Prague, the seat of his court and first university in #Central #Europe.
So... Not willing to be put into the shade by his rival, Duke Rudolf built #Vienna up into a residence city on the Prague model. He initiated an important phase of building on the #church of #StStephen raising it to the status of a #cathedral, for which he received his epithet #TheFounder . In 1365 he founded the #UniversityofVienna , the " Alma Mater Rufolphina", second university in the German speaking world.