November 14, 1948 – Birth of Prince Charles, son of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.
Charles the heir apparent to the British throne as the eldest child of Queen Elizabeth II. Known alternatively in the south-west of England as Duke of Cornwall and in Scotland as Duke of Rothesay, he is the longest-serving heir apparent in British history, having held the position since 1952. He is the longest-serving Prince of Wales, having held that title since 1958, and the oldest person to be first in the line of succession since Sophia of Hanover (the heir presumptive to Queen Anne), who died in 1714 at the age of 83.
Charles was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester in 1958, though his investiture was not conducted until 1969, when he was crowned by his mother in a televised ceremony held at Caernarfon Castle. After earning a bachelor of arts degree from Trinity College, Cambridge, Charles served in the Royal Navy from 1971 to 1976.
In 1981, he married Lady Diana Spencer and they had two sons: Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Prince Harry. In 1996, the couple divorced, following well-publicised extramarital affairs. Diana died in a car crash in Paris the following year. In 2005, Charles remarried Camilla Parker Bowles.
Charles's interests encompass a range of humanitarian and social issues: he founded The Prince's Trust in 1976, sponsors The Prince's Charities, and is patron of numerous other charitable and arts organisations. Charles has sought to raise world awareness of the dangers facing the natural environment, and was an early advocate for action to combat climate change. As an environmentalist, he has received numerous awards and recognition from environmental groups around the world. His support for alternative medicine, including homeopathy, has been criticised by some in the medical community.