Specific tribes in Africa have their own house design. Depending on location, weather and the traditions
Traditional African architecture is frequently described as nothing more than an assortment of small mud huts, an evaluation meant to dismiss the topic from further consideration. Although some Africans do indeed build their houses with clay, these dwellings are not the simple structures that they might outwardly seem. Earthen-walled structures can vary significantly in size, configuration, or decoration even within a single ethnic group, a circumstance that points toward the complexity of building designs across the African landscape. Further, even the most cursory survey of indigenous African architecture will reveal a number of monumental buildings, including palaces, shrines, fortresses, and mosques, that are certainly comparable to European structures built during the same periods. The faulty characterizations that portray African architecture as marginal and minimal demand revision. For centuries Africans have crafted buildings that signal and embody the cultural richness of the continent. Because the building traditions of Africa are as numerous and as different as its peoples, one should speak of African architectures.
The basic environmental patterns within the continent provide one of the reasons for the diversity of African architectural traditions. Building practices that were developed, for example, to cope with the conditions of the equatorial rain forests would not be used in the desert regions. Those peoples living in the arid grasslands of northern Ghana often build houses topped with flat roof terraces that would certainly erode into huge lumps of mud if constructed just 200 miles to the south where seasonal rains are prolonged and intense. Housing types will vary as well with differing economic activities and social customs. Nomadic cattle herders, who must constantly move their livestock onward to new pastures, build temporary shelters with readily available materials. By contrast, long- settled groups of farming peoples who claim ownership over particular patches of ground construct residences that are fixed, permanent, and substantial;