"In the first period in the months of January, February, and March the head of the Bakunawa is in the north and the tail in the south, and the house which is put up in the month of January is called the home of the industrious, the honored, and the powerful because its owner can achieve great things in work and arrive at honor and power in the town..."
-Almanaque Panayanhon Sa Tuig 1933
This passage is an excerpt from the oldest running almanac in the Philippines dating back to 1889, locally still published in Iloilo. It describes Bakunawas 4 yearly 90° changes of direction and the outcomes. It is of some ritual advice for farmers that is based on the direction of where Bakunawa is facing throughout the year. The illustration here is one of the oldest depictions of Bakunawa in print other than the almanacs of Panay and Bikol. It is from Mansueto Porras, "Signosan" (1919). The concept is similar to that of the naga in Burma, naag in Thailand, and nak in Cambodia. If the staircase of a newly constructed house faced the direction of Bakunawas mouth or stomach, it is said that bad luck and illness would befall the family.