Studies of Bhagat Singh's writings have shown that he was also a mature political thinker. During his two years in jail, before being executed on March 23, 1931, Bhagat Singh expressed his views on the Indian freedom struggle and socialist revolution in India. Many of his writings were lost or suppressed. Some are now slowly coming to light.
The two significant ‘lost letters’ in Bhagat Singh’s own words have come to light.
These two letters refer to Harikishan’s case. Harikishan was a young revolutionary who had shot at the Governor of Punjab on December 23, 1930, during the convocation of the Panjab University Lahore. Harikishan was the son of a rich and influential personality, Gurdas Ram Talwar of Mardan, now in Khyber Pakhtunwa province of Pakistan. Bhagat Singh was upset with the defence lawyer’s advice to Harikishan during the trial.
He wrote to an unnamed contact about it, but his letter did not reach its destination and was ‘lost’, as Bhagat Singh himself mentions in a second letter, which repeats the arguments made in the first letter. The first letter, till now considered to be lost, was published as a Hindi translation on June 18, 1931, inHindu Panch immediately after the execution of Harikishan on June 9, 1931, at Lahore Jail. His father stood by his son and suffered for it. Harikishan’s brother Bhagat Ram Talwar became a Communist and helped Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose escape from Kabul to Germany.
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