Henri Matisse, The blue window, oil on canvas, 130x90 cm, 1913. MoMA, NY.
The Degenerate Art exhibition took place in Munich 19.07. - 30.11.1937.
This term used by the Nazi Party in Germany to describe art that did not support the ideals of National Socialism.
140 art pieces were exhibited, but almost 14,000 works were confiscated from German museums.
So-called degenerate works by Pablo Picasso, Wassily Kandinsky, Henri Matisse, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Emile Nolde, and others later, in 1939, were auctioned to finance the Nazi Party; the rest are believed to have been burned in Berlin.
Matisse’s The Blue Window was removed from the Folkwang Museum in Essen.
Originally it been acquired by the German arts patron Karl Ernst Osthaus, who had assembled a collection of avant-garde art, one of the first in Germany to include many works by contemporary French artists.