On July 4th, 2012 scientists working with the LHC (large hadron collider) made the announcement that they have discovered the Higgs boson. They have observed the particle and concluded that it acted very similar to what they predicted, and how the Higgs boson should behave. However, some researchers label it as “higgslike” still remaining skeptical about the discovery.
Let’s break down what a Higgs boson is. The standard model depicts our universe as being made up of 12 particles, 6 quarks and 6 electrons. But along with that, the standard model also includes the forces; gravity, electromagnetic, strong and weak nuclear, and gravity. The standard model is actually really accurate, aside from the fact that it has problems fitting in gravity. Anyway! So, it is thought that each of these forces has a carrier particle, a boson, that acts upon matter. For instance, the electromagnetic field depends on the photon to transit an electromagnetic force.
So scientists started to think,
what of particles gained mass by passing through a field?
Photons would be able to slide through this field unaffected, while other particles would gain mass. In fact, it is believed that everything gets its mass from passing through this field, which governs the entire universe. This field would also have to have a carrier particle, and that carrier particle would be the Higgs boson. Or more commonly known as the god particle.