AN HEIR TO TWO MYSTICAL LITERARY TRADITIONS(DR. NASROLLAH POURJAVADY)
AN HEIR TO TWO MYSTICAL LITERARY TRADITIONS
DR. NASROLLAH POURJAVADY
Nêr al-Dín Shàh Ni‘matullàh Walí (1331-1437) is primarily known as a Sufi and the founder of the order that is named after him, an order which has experienced a revival in the past two centuries in Iran. What has added to Shàh Ni‘matullàh’s fame in Iran in recent decades is the publication of his Sufi treatises, which are almost all in Persian, as well as his dívàn of Poetry. In his prose works, Shàh is obviously a follower and an interpreter of the works of the Andalusian Sufi Writer Muåyi al-Dín Ibn ‘Arabí (d.1240), particularly his Fuæêæ al-Åikam. Shàh’s prose works, in fact, cannot be understood without some knowledge of the concepts and technical terms that were used by Ibn ‘Arabí and his early commentators, particularly ‘Abd al-Razzàq Kàshàní, who compiled a rather extensive list of Sufi vocabulary (istilàåàt) which was developed by Ibn ‘Arabí’s followers.2 In fact, Shàh Ni‘matullàh was one of the first translators of Kàshàní’s Sufi vocabulary into Persian.