Each year, the birth anniversary of Avicenna is commemorated as National Doctors' Day by Iranian academic and scientific centers on August 23.
Avicenna, also known as Ibn Sina, was a Persian and Muslim physician, astronomer, alchemist, chemist, logician, mathematician, metaphysician, philosopher, physicist, poet, scientist, theologian, and statesman. Avicenna was born around 980 AD in Afshana near Bukhara then a part of Iran and now part of Uzbekistan and died in 1037 AD in the city of Hamadan.
Avicenna is regarded as the father of the modern medicine for introducing systematic experimentation and quantification into the study of physiology and contributing to the discovery of contagious diseases. He is also considered as the father of the fundamental concept of momentum in physics.
He wrote some 450 books on a wide range of subjects, many of which concentrated on philosophy and medicine. His most famous works are the 'Book of Healing' and the 'Canon of Medicine', which was a standard medical text at many Islamic and European universities until the 18th century. He wrote most of his works in Arabic, since it was the dominant language for centuries following the Arab invasion of Iran.
However, he also wrote a large manual on philosophical science entitled 'Danesh-Naame Alai' and a small paper on the pulse in his native language, Persian.
The Canon points out the importance of dietetics, the influence of climate and environment on health and the surgical use of oral anesthetics. Avicenna advised surgeons to treat cancer in its earliest stages, ensuring the removal of all the diseased tissues. The Canon's material medical considers some 760 drugs with comments on their application and effectiveness. He recommended the testing of a new drug on animals and humans prior to general use. He further noted the close relationship between emotions and the physical condition and discovered that music had a definite physical and psychological effect on patients. #abualisina #avicenna