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Fort Loncin Part VII
———————————————————————— Shown above is the gorge front caserne at Fort Loncin where the majority of the Fort’s rooms were. Built into the rear of the central redoubt, it ran nearly the entire length of the gorge front ditch and was connected to the central massif by a hallway. Corridors ran off of this to the left and right with barrack rooms, an infirmary, armoury, and mess facilities. As shown above, all of the windows opened up onto the gorge front ditch and could be sealed with steel rails. (Taken April 2013)

A british artillery line during the battle of La Somme, in France.
Date: 1916
Source: Getty Images #ww1 #westernfront #like4like #historiansunion

British soldiers attacking from a trench during the battle of La Somme, in France.
Date: 1916
Source: Getty Images
#ww1 #westernfront #like4like #historiansunion

Men of 11./Gren. Rgt. 1221 block a bridge to halt allied infantry with whatever they can scrounge from the surrounding area. - Ruhr Kessel, Germany. April 1945. #nonpolitical #wehrmacht #heer #germanarmy #ww2german #reenacting #reenactors #reenactment #worldwar2 #ww2 #westernfront #livinghistory

Men of the 16th Infantry Battalion (Canadian Scottish) moving up to the front line near Inchy during the battle of Canal du Nord.
Date: 1918
Source: Getty Images
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A German tractor is pulling an artillery piece during the 1918 spring offensive. You can clearly see the non-rubber tires on the tractor. Apart from the general lack of motor transport, rubber shortage was a serious problem for the German Army.
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#ww1 #worldwar1 #worldwarone #history #germanarmy #westernfront

Italian tanks of the 133rd armoured division 'Littorio' advance towards Alam El Halfa. Egypt, late August 1942. Prior to the battle of El Alamein, Rommel planned to defeat the British 8th army before they received further reinforcements. However due to ultra intelligence intercepts, Montgomery was able to set a trap and defeat the advancing axis forces. Though the Littorio division performed quite well at Alam El Halfa, inflicting heavy losses on the 2nd New Zealand division, it was completely destroyed at the subsequent battle of El Alamein, ceasing to exist as an effective fighting force.
#WW2#Egypt#NorthAfrica#1942#WesternFront

German troops firing with a MG08 Machine gun in a trench.
Date: 1917
Source: Getty Images
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German Half-tracks of World War II Identification Guide Part 19: 2cm Flak auf Fahrgestell Zugkraftwagen 1t aka Sd Kfz 10/4

The first self-propelled flak vehicle of the Wehrmacht, it was a small half track which carried the 2cn Flak 30 as its only mounted armament. The 2cm flak in its single barreled variant offered little ability on its own to stop enemy aircraft, due to both its relatively low caliber and the low rate of fire of this particular model. The rate of fire was a problem solved in the four barreled version, and to a lesser extent the stopping power, though this also brought more weight. The early versions had no crew cabin, while later variations added this. Similarly armor shields for the guns themselves were also fitted eventually. The sides of the superstructure folded down to offer a wider range of fire for the gun, and offered little protection to the crew or vehicle given its wire-like construction and small size. As shown in the top picture it was common for the vehicle to carry its own trailer of ammunition to augment the amount stored on board. Finally a crew of seven was required to fully man the vehicle.

Enver Paşa,savaşta şehit düşen babasının intikamını almak için orduya katılmak isteyen küçük çocuğu dinliyor
#türkiye #turkey #ottoman #ww1 #ww2 #enverpaşa #turkishindependencewar #westernfront #easternfront #waffenss #history

Fort Loncin Part VI
———————————————————————— The primary armament of Fort Loncin was housed within turrets mainly located in the central massif. Above is a 12cm M.1889 turret that would have been manned by a gun crew of 25 men. Surrounding the turret is an advanced armour steel collar that encircles the turret well and prevented the turret from being dislocated if the concrete was damaged. The turrets themselves were mostly steel and could rotate 360 degrees. Only the 5.7cm and searchlight turrets were retractable, with the heavy gun turrets being permanent exposed. Turrets were emplaced within wells cast within the massif and rested on rollers around the circumference of the well that permitted it to be rotated via wheels and ratchets. Aiming was either done directly by an observer looking through a small visor or indirectly using a graduated ring with directional headings on it. Manually operated elevators transported the charge and projectile from the lower level into the gun chamber. Fumes were kept out by a hand operated ventilator to maintain a negative pressure inside the turret so that fumes from the firing and enemy shells were kept out. (Taken April 2013)

German infantry escort a French prisoner in Commercy France, June 1940. The French army drafted a large number of West African troops, with some 63,000 serving in 16 different regiments during the 1940 campaign. During the fall of France to the Nazis, both SS and Heer Soldiers inflicted particularly severe punishment upon African POWs. It is believed that some 1,000 were murdered before the armistice; many more died in captivity.
I think it is often forgotten how global and all consuming the Second World War was. There were a staggering amount of auxiliary colonial troops brought into service from all over the world; India, Africa and many Pacific islands.

21/05/1916
Proposals for the imposition of daylight saving time during the summer had been circulating since the introduction of standard time zones in the 1880s.  They were given new impetus during the war, as a way to maximize the efficiency of production on the home front.  Germany and Austria were the first to adopt a system, beginning on April 30.  This meant that occupied Belgium and France were for a while two hours ahead of their comrades on the other side of the front.

Britain and Ireland followed suit on May 21, moving their clocks one hour forward at 2AM.  Ireland operated in its own time zone, Dublin Mean (now Dublin Summer) Time, around 25 minutes and 21 seconds behind Greenwich; this odd time interval had caused issues during the Easter rising and would be removed at the end of the summer.
The British Royal Family, on the other hand, continued their idiosyncratic practice of following “Sandringham Time”; previously a half-hour ahead of London and now a half-hour behind.  France, which had also followed Greenwich Mean Time, joined their British allies in the same time zone in mid-June.
#time #illusion #military #energy #1973 #oilcrisis
#crisis #hour #day #1916 #ww1 #wwi #war #easter #unitedkingdom #uk #royalfamily #change #greenwich #royalarmy #royalnavy #belgium #westernfront #history #20thcentury #todayinhistory

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