Funeral practices and burial customs in the Philippines
The Apayaos wrap the deceased person in a mat (ikamen) to carry on the shoulders of the immediate male family members. Items are placed inside the coffin in order to help the deceased person in his journey such as jar to quench the deceased one's thirst, a spear and shield is also put inside in order to help him protect himself from enemies. The coffin will then be lowered down either in the kitchen area of their homes or in a burial site owned by his family.
For eight days, the indigenous people from Benguet blindfold the dead and then sit it on a chair that is placed next to a house’s main entrance. The arms and legs are tied together in the sitting position. A bangil rite is performed by the elders on the eve of the funeral, which is a chanted narration of the biography of the deceased.
In rural areas of Cavite, trees are used as burial places. The dying person chooses the tree beforehand, thus when he or she becomes terminally ill or is evidently going to die because old age, a hut is built close to the said tree. The deceased's corpse is then entombed vertically inside the hollowed-out tree trunk. Before colonization, a statue known as likha is also entombed with the dead inside the tree trunk. In Mulanay, Quezon and nearby areas, the dead are entombed inside limestone sarcophagi along with a likha statue.
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