Nikos Skalkottas (21 March 1904 – 19 September 1949) was a #Greek #composer of 20th-century classical music. A member of the #SecondVienneseSchool, he drew his influences from both the classical repertoire and the Greek tradition.
Throughout his career #NikosSkalkottas remained faithful to the #neoclassical ideals of #NeueSachlichkeit and "#absolutemusic" proclaimed in Europe in the 1925. Already in Berlin he was taking an interest in #jazz and at the same time developing a very personal form of the twelve-note method, making use of not one but several tone-rows in a work and organizing these rows to define different thematic and harmonic areas. (For example, the 'Largo Sinfonico' employs no less than 16 twelve-tone rows.) Like #Schoenberg, he persistently cultivated classical forms (such as sonata, variations, suite), but his worklist is divided between atonal, twelve-tone and tonal works, all three categories spanning his entire composing career. Such apparent heterogeneity could have been intensified by a love of Greek folk music. The most striking example of his commitment to Greek folk music is the series of '36 Greek Dances' composed for orchestra between 1931 and 1936, arranged for various different ensembles in the ensuing years and in part radically reorchestrated in 1948–49. About two-thirds of these dances are based on genuine Greek folk themes from different parts of the Greek mainland and islands, but the other third use material of #Skalkottas's own composition in folk style.
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