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A Dakhma (Persian: دخمه ; Avestan: lit. “tower of silence”), also called a Tower of Silence, is a circular, raised structure built by Zoroastrians for excarnation – that is, for dead bodies to be exposed to carrion birds, usually vultures.

Zoroastrian exposure of the dead is first attested in the mid-5th century BCE Histories of Herodotus, but the use of towers is first documented in the early 9th century BCE.[1]:156–162 The doctrinal rationale for exposure is to avoid contact with Earth or Fire, both of which are considered sacred in Zoroastrian religion.
#mjmk#wanderlust#backpacking#minimal#picofday#wandering#persia#castle #sassanid#empire#pictureperfect#pictureday#getlost#history#proud#war#ancient#towerofsilence#dakhma#dakhme#persian#persia#persiangulf#persianempire#persianhistory#travel

درود
۲۵ تا ۲۸ آبان ماه سالروز نبرد قادسیه است.
جای آن دارد که از کسانی که در این نبرد در راه میهنشان جان باختند یادی بکنیم.
درود بر فروهر پاک همه کسانی که در راه پاسبانی از مام میهن جان باختند.
یادشان گرامی باد.

#تازی #تازیان #ایران #ایرانیان #ایرانی #عرب #اعراب #اسلام #مسلمان #مسلم #قادسیه #جلولا #عمر #عمر_بن_خطاب #خالد #خالد_بن_ولید #شاپوربزرگ #ساسانیان #ساسانی #فتح_الفتوح #فیروزابولؤلؤ #پیروزنهاوندی #سیف_الله_المسلول #sassanid #persian #arab #iran #iranian #persianimmortals #persian_immortals

Explanation: In 262 CE, Palmyrene king Lucius Septimius Udaynath (Odaenathus) defeated the Sassanid king Šābuhr I and prevented his passage from Syria into Roman-occupied Anatolia. #FridayHistoryMeme #Palmyra #Sassanid #Persia #Syria

The Sassanian king Shapur I on horseback, with the Roman Emperor Valerian bowing to him in submission, and Philip the Arab (an earlier emperor who paid Shapur tribute) holding Shapur's horse, while the dead Emperor Gordian III, killed in battle, lies beneath it.

#persianempire #naghsherostam #sassanid #shiraz #iran

Climbing up to Fire temple was totally worth it #atashgahtemple #isfahan #iran #sassanid #architecture

My today's new purchase: Khosrow the First (a.k.a Khosrow Anoushirvan the Just), #Sassanian #Coin (?). #Sassanid

پل دختر، ایران
پل دختر، از شاهکارهای دوره ساسانی، ارتفاع پل از رودخانه 3 متر و درازای آن 270 متر بوده، تنها یک دهانه از طاق‌های آن به جا مانده و جاده‌ای از زیر آن عبور می‌کند. 1396/01/08
Pol-e Dokhtar, Iran
#Pol_e_Dokhtar #Bridge #Lorestan #Sassanid #Iran 2017/03/28

MOST RECENT

Der große und prächtige Ayvan des Ardeshir Palastes 226 nach Christus. #Reiseleiter #Geschichte #Tradition #iran #travel #history #tourguide #sassanid #تورگاید

A Dakhma (Persian: دخمه ; Avestan: lit. “tower of silence”), also called a Tower of Silence, is a circular, raised structure built by Zoroastrians for excarnation – that is, for dead bodies to be exposed to carrion birds, usually vultures.

Zoroastrian exposure of the dead is first attested in the mid-5th century BCE Histories of Herodotus, but the use of towers is first documented in the early 9th century BCE.[1]:156–162 The doctrinal rationale for exposure is to avoid contact with Earth or Fire, both of which are considered sacred in Zoroastrian religion.
#mjmk#wanderlust#backpacking#minimal#picofday#wandering#persia#castle #sassanid#empire#pictureperfect#pictureday#getlost#history#proud#war#ancient#towerofsilence#dakhma#dakhme#persian#persia#persiangulf#persianempire#persianhistory#travel

plate fit for a Sassanian King? Sackler Gallery of Art, Washington DC #ancientart #sassanid #ancientpersia #goldandsilver #ancienttreasure #archeology #sacklergallery

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🔷پروفسور آرتور کریستن سن:«نهش
شاهنشاهی ساسانی بر همین روال بود که از بیابان عربستان،لشگرها از عرب بادیه‌نشین ددمنش و بی‌فرهنگ، که کورباوری(تعصب) دینی و منش چپاولگری انگیزه آنان بود، به فرمان عمر بن الخطاب به ایران روی نهادند.»
🔶بن‌مایه:نسک ایران در زمان ساسانیان،نوشته پروفسور آرتور کریستن سن،برگردان رشید یاسمی،رویه ۳۵۸

#تازی #تازیان #ایران #ایرانیان #ایرانی #عرب #اعراب #اسلام #مسلمان #مسلم #قادسیه #جلولا #عمر #عمر_ابن_الخطاب #خالد #خالد_ابن_الولید #شاپوربزرگ #ساسانیان #ساسانی #فتح_الفتوح #فیروزابولؤلؤ #پیروزنهاوندی #سیف_الله_المسلول #sassanid #persian #arab #iran #iranian #persianimmortals #persian_immortals

درود
۲۵ تا ۲۸ آبان ماه سالروز نبرد قادسیه است.
جای آن دارد که از کسانی که در این نبرد در راه میهنشان جان باختند یادی بکنیم.
درود بر فروهر پاک همه کسانی که در راه پاسبانی از مام میهن جان باختند.
یادشان گرامی باد.

#تازی #تازیان #ایران #ایرانیان #ایرانی #عرب #اعراب #اسلام #مسلمان #مسلم #قادسیه #جلولا #عمر #عمر_بن_خطاب #خالد #خالد_بن_ولید #شاپوربزرگ #ساسانیان #ساسانی #فتح_الفتوح #فیروزابولؤلؤ #پیروزنهاوندی #سیف_الله_المسلول #sassanid #persian #arab #iran #iranian #persianimmortals #persian_immortals

The Sassanian-Ethiopian Wars 570-578:
(I know that it is a small war, but I think that it is incredible that civilizations so far from each other can meet in some counted times in history. Besides, I’m tired of only talking of wars between the Romans and Iranians)
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Background:
Aksum: The ancient kingdom of Aksum (Ethiopia) invaded the Jewish kingdom of Himyar (modern day Yemen) in 520 AC. But in 570 ac, Sayf ibn Dhi-Yazan let a rebellion in Himyar, but with the lack of supplies and men, asked for aid to the Sassanid Empire.
Sassanid: The Sassanid king Khosrau I was reluctant to intervene in a region so distant from Persia, but in the end agreed to send a force of eight hundred cavalrymen. However in exchange, Himyar will become a vassal kingdom of the Sassanids.
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The War: In 570 ac, eight ships sailed from Fars let by Vahrez. While sailing the Arabian Sea, a storm sank 2 of the ships, but the rest safely landed in Yemen. The combined Yemeni and Sassanid forces then fought the Aksumites on the Battle of Hadhramaut. Although numerically superior, the Ethiopians were not use to fight the heavily armored Sassanid cataphracts, which completely defeated the Aksum cavalry. Later, in a lighting attack Vahrez killed the Aksum king Masruq which finally made the whole Aksumite army to flee.
Later on that year, the rebels and Sassanids attacked Sana’a. The city was easily taken because the Aksumites were not use to defend fortifications, and the Sassanids brought siege towers and catapults, machines that the Ethiopians had never seen before.
Afterwards the Himyar kingdom turned into a loyal vassal kingdom of the Sassanids, who now controled all the trading routes from east to west.
#himyar #yemen #ethiopia #aksum #sassanid #persia #arab #arabian #war #warriors #battle #pic #history #cataphract #siege #sanaa #vassal #iran #arabia #persianwarrior

My last thought on the #louvre #abudhabi for now: the installation shows the potential of sustained collection sharing among #museums to complement acquisition. Who would go to the #bibliothequenationale in Paris to see this #silvergilt dish with a #tiger from the #sassanid empire (7th century CE)? In the @louvreabudhabi it shines on its own and in a comparative context. Both lender and borrower benefit. The #museum currently shows 300 works from its own #collection and 300 from the Louvre and about a dozen other institutions in France and the #middleeast - and they will keep changing around the loans and works from own collection

“Azargoshnasp” or as the local people call it “Takht-e-Soleiman” was one of the main triple Zoroastrian Fire Temple🔥that hosted the “Great Fire” or “Holy Fire” at the Sassanid era (224-651 A.D) in ancient IRAN.

This fire temple was dedicated to the king, royal and noble families as well as to the warriors.

The Sassanid Kings treated this fire temple with great respect and went on pilgrimage annually. After coronation ceremony and each victory in battlefield, the king headed to this holy site on foot and usually offered a huge amount of oblations and sacrifices for God’s grant of blessing, affluence, protection and forgiveness.

There is a natural spring in front of fire temple; water comes up from the depth of 120 meters and during many years it has caused of forming a large pool in this place.

The “Azargoshnasp Fire Temple” was registered in the list of UNESCO World Heritage 🌐
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#Iran #Takab #Azargoshnasp #Takht_e_Soleiman #Irantour #Iranguide #Guide #Travel #travel_to_Iran #History #Fire_Temple #Zoroastrian_Fire_Temple #Holy_Fire #Great_Fire #Sassanid #pilgrimage #coronation_ceremony #spring #pool #UNESCO #World_Heritage #tour_guide #tour_operator #spirit_of_adventure


پناهگاه کام اژدها
کوه بیستون - کرمانشاه
#عکس #کوه_بیستون #پناهگاه_کام_اژدها #ساسانی #کرمانشاه #ایران  #کرمانشاه_گردی #اینستاگرام_عکس #دبل_تب #اینستاگرام_کرمانشاه
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‌Kam zEJdahaDAH Shelter
Mount Bistoon - Kermanshah
# Photos # Mountain_Biston # Shelter_Cam_Share #Sassanid # Kermanshah  Iran p) Kermanshah_Door # Instagram_Express # Double_About #INSTAGRAM _kermanshah

Sassanid Bas reliefs at the achemaenid tombs in naqsh e rostam, Iran. The 18th century way to improve nationalism. This engraving is by carsten Niebuhr. Today i will give a talk on Iran, basreliefs and Niebuhr @verkaaik in Gouda #iran #basrelief #sassanid #achemaenid #tomb #grave #nationalism #niebuhr #germany #exploration #engraving #oldbook #travel #travellogue #verkaaikboekhandel #gouda

Climbing up to Fire temple was totally worth it #atashgahtemple #isfahan #iran #sassanid #architecture

A deadly earthquake just happened More than 400 people have died so far In Iran’s province of Kermanshah..As a man who is a patron of Persian history and culture, it deeply saddens me.. Kermānshāh was once a thriving center of Sassanid glory! my heart and blessings go out to all the survivors and families who lost their loved ones.. it’s going to be a long recovery but let’s give our support to the people and let them know we are with them! 🇮🇷🇺🇸🇮🇷🇺🇸🇮🇷🇺🇸🇮🇷🇺🇸🇮🇷 #prayforiran #landofaryans #iran #persia #kermanshah #sassanid #kurdistan #eranshahr #iloveiran #earthquake #2017 #prayfortheworld #godhelpus #bahramiv #iraq #usairan #prayforiraq #persophile

“Rudkhan Castle” or “Rood-khan Castle” is a brick and stone medieval castle near Fuman city in north of IRAN.

This castle is a military complex and due to preliminary evidence it had been originally constructed during the Sassanid era 224-651, but there is no accurate information on the exact date of its construction.

When you cross a mountainous winding route with dense forests, after last turn the big entrance gate of castle probably could be the first thing that attracts the attention of everyone.

The castle has been built on two tips of a mount and has benefited from natural mountainous features in the construction of its forts. There are many loopholes in the thick walls and battlements of castle through which the archers were able to target the assailants. When they withstood a siege, soldiers used of a fresh water spring and also were prepared with enough foodstuffs and livestock inside the castle.
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#Iran #Fuman #Rudkhan #Rood_khan #Rudkhan_Castle #Irantour #Iranguide #Guide #Travel #travel_to_Iran #Castle #battlement #fort #siege #medieval_castle #Sassanid #military_complex #History #tour_guide #tour_operator #spirit_of_adventure

Parthian Civil War 222-224ac:
—�—�-
-Background:
Parthians: When the Roman emperor Comodus was assassinated, the Parthian empire started a series of wars from 193-218, with Rome with the hope to exploit the instability of Rome. However it backfired, and the Roman generals were able to take all of Mesopotamia and Babylon, although not for long. At the end the Parthians won the war, but they suffered heavy losses and overtaxed their subject kingdoms.
Sassanids: The governor of Pars, Papak I, took advantage that the Parthians were busy fighting the Romans, and took control of Pars and allied himself with many local princes unsatisfied with Parthian rule. He successfully took control of the Persian Gulf, and declared his son Shapur heir of the kingdom.
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STRUGGLE FOR POWER: After the death of Papak in 222, his two sons Shapur and Ardashir fought for the throne. Fortunately for Ardashir, Shapur died when a rooftop fell over him. Ardashir then killed the rest of his brothers and declared independence from the Parthians.
THE WAR: Ardashir in order to consolidate his power, moved his capital into the city of Gur and allied himself with the governor of Adiabene. The Parthian emperor Artabanus, ordered the ruler of Susa to invade Pars while Ardashir was invading the satrap of Spahan. However, Ardashir took Spahan and then defeated the forces of Susa and killing its king. Afterwards, he conquered most of south Iran and the entirety of Babylon. Finally, Artabanus decided to take the matter into his own hands, and fought Ardashir in the Battle of Hormozdgan.

BATTLE OF HORMOZGAN: In 224, Ardashir placed his forces in a favorable terrain and cut the water supplies of the Parthian. Artabanus then send all his cavalry against the Sassanian one. On the middle of the Battle, a group of Parthian princes defected to Ardashir, which allowed the Sassanians to surround the Parthians. The Battle ended when Ardashir killed Artabanus in hand to hand combat. After the battle the Parthian empire was dissolved and from its ashes the Sassanid Empire was born.

#persia #parthia #sassanid #civilwar #war #warriors #rebellion #babylon #rome #ardashir #sassanian #pic #history #cataphract

The Tomb of Cyrus the Great (Persian: آرامگاه کوروش بزرگ translit. ārāmgāh-e kuroş-e bozorg) is the monument of Cyrus the Great approximately 1 km southwest of the palaces of Pasargadae. According to Greek sources, it dates back to 559-29 B.C.
#mjmk #wanderlust #viaggio #minimal #picoftheday #picofday #wandering #history #citadel #civilization #ancient #sassanid #survived #picoftheweek #Persia #Iran #tourism #hiking #tourist #peace #Empire #documentaryphotography #streetphotography#achaemenid #achaemenidempire #achaemenian #cyrusthegreat #cyrus

‘Iran’s #Gondishapur University[Established 271 A.D.] Inscribed as #WorldHeritageSite
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#دانشگاه گندي_شاپور(#جندي_شاپور)[كهن ترين دانشگاه جهان] استان #خوزستان #ثبت_جهاني شد.
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“Head of Gondishapur, Mohammad Reza Assari, said the university was registered on November 3 in the #UNESCO’s list of world heritage.
In a #Farsi interview with ISNA, Assari also said the idea to register Gondishapur #University in the UNESCO’s #WorldHeritage list was raised first three years ago while the arrangements to hold #GondishapurCongress were being made.
Assari went on saying the registration was made with the aim of reintroducing the long history of the #Academy of Gondishapur. “We shared our historical evidence with the UNESCO office in #Iran.”
The head of the university said the office confirmed the authenticity of the evidence and the board of the directors is now waiting for the final registration of the university by the world body.
Elsewhere in his interview, Assari added the university was established in 271. “We are happy that the #treasure which we had closed our eyes on is now recognized internationally as a historical and ancient site. Today, we can say that Iran is hosting the most ancient #HigherEducation centre in the world.”
Assari stressed the #GondishapurUniversity in #Dezful has been recognized as the first university in the world. “So far the UNESCO has confirmed our evidence on the history of the university.”
According to Assari, right now many foreign tourists travel to Dezful to visit the world’s oldest university. “In his book on the history of Gondishapur University, Mahmoud Mahfuz from Turkey quotes a line inscribed on the gate of the educational centre saying science and knowledge stand higher compared with sward and force.”
The world’s oldest university was built by Shapour I of #Sassanid dynasty in a namesake city which stood near the existing city of Dezful. It included a #MedicalSchool and was a centrefor training #scientists for centuries to come. #Iranian, #Greek, #Indian and #Roman scientists conducted studies and scientific research there.”
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Source :
http://goo.gl/29fZem
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#mustseeiran #iranissafe #irandestina #come2iran #go2iran #travel

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