유전자, Gene 에 관해 찾아보다가
끄적끄적 복붙!
잠 안올때 읽어보면 꿀잠 잘 듯
• Nursery : 신생아실, 유아실
• Telomere : 텔로미어는 염색체의 끝 부분에있는 이중 가닥 DNA의 반복 순서입니다. 셀 분할마다 텔로미어가 짧아 결국, 텔로미어는 세포가 더 이상 분열 할 수 없도록 쇼트됩니다.
• Heredity is the passing of traits from parent to offspring.
: 유전이란 부모로부터 자손으로 이어지는 특성이다.
•Genetic variations result from changes, or mutations, in the *nucleotide sequence of DNA, the molecule that genes are made from.
: 유전변이는 유전자가 만들어지는 분자인 DNA의 *뉴클레오티드 염기서열의 변화 또는 돌연변이에 기인한다.
•nucleotide 뉴클레오타이드 : 핵산의 구성성분
•nucleotide designation 뉴클레오타이드 명칭
A - Adenine 아데닌, 췌장 등 조직 또는 찻잎에 있는 푸린 염기
C - Cytosine 시토신, 핵산(DNA, RNA)의 중요 성분
T - Thymine 티민, DNA의 주요 성분
G - Guanine 구아닌, DNA, RNA를 구성하는 푸린 염기의 하나
•The bases pair up: Adenine to Thymine and Cytosine to Guanine.
: 베이스들은 짝을 이룹니다: 아데닌과 티민 그리고 시토신과 구아닌
• Two bases are of the type "Purine," called Adenine and Guanine, and two are of the type "Pyrimidine," called Cytosine and Thymine.
: 두 개의 베이스는 아데닌과 구아닌으로 불리는 “푸린” 형태이고, 두 개는 시토신과 티민으로 불리는 “피라이미딘” 형태입니다.
• Nucleotide Bases & the Genetic Code The nucleotides of DNA each contain one of four possible nitrogenous bases: Adenine (A) Cytosine (C) Guanine (G) Thymine (T) The specific base is the only thing that makes one nucleotide differ from another.
: 뉴클레오티드 베이스와 유전자 코드 DNA의 뉴클레오티드는 각각 4개의 가능한 질소의 베이스 중 하나를 포함합니다.아데닌(A) 시토신(C) 구아닌(G) 티아민(T) 구체적인 베이스는 하나의 뉴클레오티드가 다른 것과 다르게 만드는 유일한 것입니다.
• RNA란?
리보 핵산 Ribo Nucleic Acid
RNA는 핵산의 일종으로, 유전자 본체인 디옥시리보 핵산(DNA)이 가지고 있는 유전정보에 따라 필요한 단백질(protein)을 합성할 때 직접적으로 작용하는 고분자 화합물이다. 리보오스, 염기, 인산 등 세 가지 성분으로 되어 있으며, DNA의 염기인 티민(T) 대신 우라실(U)을 가진다.

RNA는 DNA로부터 만들어지는데, DNA는 핵 속에서 transcription factor 작용으로 RNA를 생성한다. RNA는 DNA의 정보를 직접적으로 받는 mRNA, mRNA로부터 폴리펩타이드(단백질)를 합성하는 데 작용하는 tRNA, 단백질 합성에 작용하는 리보오스의 작용에 관여하는 rRNA로 구분된다.
한편, DNA와 RNA는 염기 종류와 사슬 구조에서 차이가 난다. DNA의 염기는 A, G, C, T이고, RNA는 A, G, C, U다. 또 DNA는 이중나선, RNA는 단일사슬이다.

Speaking of mysteries of the brain, researchers at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School have been taking a close genetic look at the nerve cells that make dopamine, a chemical messenger that plays a huge role in mood, addiction, movement, psychiatric diseases, and neurodegenerative disorders like Parkinson’s. Using a fairly new technique known as laser-capture RNA sequence, the team was able to precisely cut more than 400,000 dopamine neurons from 86 post-mortem brains — an amazing feat in itself. Subsequent sequencing of the RNA turned up a surprise in the form of transcribed noncoding elements, TNAs or “teenies.” “We found that a whopping 64 percent of the human genome — the vast majority of which is ‘dark matter’ DNA that does not code proteins — is expressed in dopamine neurons in the human brain,” said Clemens Scherzer, MD, a neurologist and genomicist whose team developed the dopamine laser-capture method and analyzed the brain cells. These sort of noncoding elements have been dubbed “junk DNA” in the past. The team found a total of 71,022 TNAs in the study, many of which functioned as active enhancers, i.e. sites that act as “switches” in the brain. Not so junky after all! The findings have been made publicly available through the webportal humanbraincode.org so other investigators can use them in future studies. (Credit: Clemens Scherzer, Brigham and Women’s Hospital)
#discovermagazine #science #brain #brainresearch #dopamine #parkinsons #parkinsonsdisease #neurons #braincells #genetics #RNA #junkDNA #harvard #brighamandwomenshospital #humangenome #TNAs #neurophysiology #scientificstudy #noncoding #neuropsychiatric #mood #addiction #movementdisorder #medicine #scienceforthecurious #learn

Gran tributo a la banda Californiana Guns and Roses con sus mejores éxitos a cargo de Rock Nation Army, con una puesta en escena única en su genero y estilo, brindamos un viaje sonoro y extrasensorial cargado e energía, pasión y emoción.

Lugar: 3 Cordilleras, cerveza artesanal
Fecha: viernes 19 de Octubre
Hora: 8:00 pm banda en tarima
Cover $28.000 incluye 5 cervezas

#RNA #RockNationArmy #livetorock

It has been 1 year since UOW participated in Respect.Now.Always (RNA) to help prevent and address sexual assault and harassment across the university sector.
Let's join in our campaign 'Respect is...' and create a culture of respect with us, starting by defining what respect is to you!
#safetyandrespect #uowcollege #uow #RNA #againstsexualabuse

Från Äpplets dag.Huskva#rna med Eva o Disa,

Forever mirin ⚡

#fucksteroids #RNA

In 2003, scientists at London’s Imperial College hatched a somewhat out-there idea. They wanted to deal with the increasingly pesticide-resistant mosquitoes that were killing half a million people a year by spreading malaria in sub-Saharan Africa.

What biologists Austin Burt and Andrea Crisanti proposed was nothing short of hacking the laws of heredity.

By planting a deadly gene in mosquito DNA, and engineering it such that the modification would spread through each generation faster than nature intended, they figured they could completely crash a population with just a few Trojan skeeters.

This concept of a “gene drive” was decades-old, but no one had successfully concocted one in a lab, let alone applied it to a global public health scourge.

Fifteen years and $100 million dollars later, the scientists from Imperial College have finally succeeded, at least on the first count. Using CRISPR, Burt and Crisanti’s team wiped out caged cohorts of the malaria-touting mosquito Anopheles gambiae in as few as seven generations.

The results, published today in Nature Biotechnology, represent the first-ever annihilation of a population of animals via gene drive.

“It’s a really stunning development,” says Omar Akbari, an entomologist at UC Irvine who was not connected to the study.

Akbari’s lab works on gene drives to make mosquitoes resistant to malaria, largely because an eradication approach was long believed to be impossible. “There’s just a huge evolutionary pressure on the organism to resist.” [credit: Megan Molteni, WIRED]🌐

Good day family.....Tyrosine a crucial amino acid for your cells and hormones to use in daily body functions. It is a precursor for metabolic hormones like T3, and pregnenlone, androgen, estrogens and others. This is where I teach those who suffer with hormone imbalance how to re-balance with proper dietary lifestyle. Tyrosine is found in Olifiera plants and crucial for plant based people to know where to obtain in a rich complex amino profile.
#focus #youarewhatyoueat #hormonebalance #estrogen #hypothyroidism #hashimotosdisease #hyperthyroidism #pcos #weightlossjourney #heat #fire #wind #stress #tyrosine #drumsticktree #horseradishtree #India #biochemistry #DNA #chemistry #rna #tcm #dietarylaws #nachrrootzllc #plantbased #veganandbeyond #moringa #bhernatural





なによりライオン可愛すぎる逆に食べちゃいたい🦁🔥❤ #ootd#ootdfashion#instagood#instafashion#instagram#rna#身長156cm#オシャレ#お洒落さんと繋がりたい#金髪#金髪ショート#xx子ちゃん

Our publication on Oncoscape V2 “Analysis and visualization of linked molecular and clinical data” is out in Nature Genetics. Make sure to check out the latest beta version (V3) allowing users to upload personal data and explore data dynamically #Cancer #Genomics #oncoscape #cancerresearch #dna #rna #bigdata #dataviz

Moi drodzy dzisiaj post z mapy mentalnej o RNA. Robiliśmy taką na lekcji, ale ja postanowiłam dzisiaj zrobić ją jeszcze raz indywidualnie, tylko na większym formacie 😊

Co sądzicie?

#studygram #studygrampl #studygrampolska #study #studylover #lovestudy #studygramer #school #schoollover #szkoła #nauka #followme #notatki #notes #prettynotes #favouritefilter #biology #biologia #RNA #lovenotes #learn #sharemyprofile


#rna #boots #knithat

• Você sabe como são formados e quais as distinções dos ácidos nucleicos? •
Primeiramente, o que são ácidos nucleicos?! São os famosos DNA (ácido desoxirribonucleico) e RNA (ácido ribonucleico). Ambos são formados por um fosfato que se liga ao carbono 5 da pentose, a qual tem ligado ao carbono 1 uma base nitrogenada.
O que difere um do outro:
- A pentose (açúcar): no DNA é uma desoxirribose (O), enquanto no RNA é uma ribose (OH);
- Uma base nitrogenada: o DNA possui a timina (T), adenina (A), guanina (G) e citosina (C), enquanto no RNA a timina é trocada por uracila (U);
- A forma da fita: o DNA é uma dupla-hélice, já o RNA é uma fita simples. - Sua origem: DNA surge através de replicação, enquanto o RNA é na transcrição a partir do DNA;
- Sua função: o DNA tem como função armazenar informação genética, controlar a atividade celular e produzir RNA, enquanto o RNA sintetiza proteínas e, dependendo de qual ele for (1. RNAm, 2. RNAr, 3. RNAt), tem outra função distinta (1. carrega as informações genéticas do DNA até o local onde será traduzida a proteína; 2. se junta às proteínas para a produção de novos ribossomos; 3. transporta até o ribossomo os aminoácidos que serão utilizados na síntese de proteínas).
(Imagem 1 - Tirinha engraçada sobre o sentido da fita de DNA/ Imagem 2 - Fita de DNA mostrando o sentido 5’ 3’/ Imagem 3 - Estruturas das moléculas de RNA e DNA/ Imagem 4 - O DNA e suas bases nitrogenadas/ Imagem 5 - O RNA é suas bases nitrogenadas.
(Todas as imagens foram tiradas do Google)

#Sennainforma 👩‍🔬 👨‍🔬 |
#UnDíaComoHoy de 1905 nació Severo Ochoa de Albornoz, científico español laureado con el 🏅Premio Nobel de Fisiología y Medicina en 1959🏅, por conseguir por primera vez la síntesis de #RNA en laboratorio.
☝ Por cierto, vendemos Kits de Extracción de DNA y RNA.

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