Kazimir Malevich, “Peasant Woman with Buckets and Child", 1912, oil on canvas, 73 x 73 cm, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam.
Kazimir Malevich, 1878-1935, was a Russian painter, who was the founder of the Suprematist school of abstract painting. Malevich was trained at the Moscow Academy of Fine Arts. In his early work he followed Impressionism as well as Fauvism. After a trip to Paris in 1912, he was influenced by Picasso and Cubism. In 1913 Malevich created abstract geometrical patterns in a manner he called Suprematism. Malevich was the first to exhibit paintings composed of abstract geometrical elements. He constantly strove to produce pure, cerebral compositions, repudiating all sensuality and representation in art. In the early 1900s Malevich was occupied with painting rural scenes of peasant life. During this time period, he exhibited works like “Peasant Woman with Buckets and Child,” which was composed with a primitive, simple take on anatomy. The simplicity of the work harkens back to folk art and the icon painting tradition. This stage in his work recalls works by avant-garde painter Natalia Goncharova, who, around the same time, was creating works depicting peasant life and folk traditions. Peasant Woman with Buckets and Child is one of the early expressions of the Cubo-Futurist style, a movement unique to Russia. Combining elements of French Cubism, Italian Futurism, and Neo-primitivism, Cubo-Futurism was more or less a natural stepping stone for Russian art as it began to free itself of European influences. As one of the most creative and inspired artists of the Russian avant-garde, Malevich was well qualified to become one of the leaders of the Cubo-Futurist movement.
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