May 23, 1970 - Paul McCartney's debut solo album, 'McCartney', started a three-week run at No.1 on the US album chart. It was issued on Apple Records in April 1970 after McCartney had resisted attempts by his fellow Beatles to have the release delayed to allow for Apple's previously scheduled titles, notably the band's 'Let It Be' album.
McCartney recorded his eponymous solo album during a period of depression and confusion. Following John Lennon's announcement in a band meeting on 20 September 1969 that he wanted a "divorce" from the Beatles, McCartney withdrew to his farm in Campbeltown, Scotland – "brokenhearted, shocked, and dispirited at the loss of the only job he had ever known". In McCartney's own estimation, he came close to suffering a nervous breakdown. While the announcement was not made public, partly for business reasons, McCartney's period in seclusion with his family coincided with widespread rumors in America that he had died – an escalation of the three-year-old "Paul Is Dead" conspiracy theory. The rumor was broken only by journalists from BBC Radio and Life magazine tracking him down at his farm, High Park.
With wife Linda's encouragement, McCartney began to consider a future outside the Beatles, by writing or finishing songs for his first solo album, McCartney.
Apart from Linda's vocal contributions, McCartney performed the entire album by himself, playing every instrument. Featuring loosely arranged (and in some cases, unfinished) home recordings, McCartney explored the back-to-basics style that had been the original concept for the Let It Be project in 1969.
A press release in the form of a self-interview, supplied with UK promotional copies of McCartney, led to the announcement of the group's break-up on 10 April 1970. Partly as a result of McCartney's role in officially ending the Beatles, the album received an unfavorable response from the majority of music critics, although the song "Maybe I'm Amazed" was consistently singled out for praise. Commercially, McCartney benefited from the publicity surrounding the break-up; it held the number 1 position for three weeks on the US Billboard 200 chart and peaked at number 2 in Britain.