Most of you must be familiar with the Sunnah of fasting three days every lunar month; the 13th, 14th and the 15th. Do you know what’s so special about those three days and why it was selected?
Those are Al-Ayyam al-Beed, meaning The White Days. They are called Al-Ayyam al-Beed because those are the three days in which the moon is full. And the nights are bright because of the moonlight.
There are many ahadith on the virtue of fasting three days a month, and which makes it clear that one can observe Saum on any three days of the month, and that it is not necessary to fix these days.
However, it is more meritorious to observe Saum on 13th, 14th and 15th of each lunar month because the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم has so ordained it. He himself also used to take special care of these dates and observe Saum on them, as is evident from the forthcoming ahadith.
– Abu Dharr رضي الله عنه reported: The Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “If you want to observe Saum on three days in a month, then fast on the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth of the (lunar) month.” [Imaam an-Nawawi’s Riyad us-Saaliheen – Chapter 230 – Hadith 1262].
– Qatadah bin Milhan رضي الله عنه reported: The Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم directed us to observe Saum (fasting) on the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth of the (lunar) month. [Imaam an-Nawawi’s Riyad us-Saaliheen – Chapter 230 – Hadith 1263].
– Ibn `Abbas رضي الله عنهما reported: It was the practice of the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم to not to omit fast on the `bright days’ whether he was staying at a place or on a journey.
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