#fallofthesovietunion Chechen separatists are shown being jubilant while celebrating the pullout of Soviet troops from the Muslim republic. Grozny, Chechen-Ingush ASSR, Soviet Union. November 14th 1991. Chechnya had been a part of Russia since 1859, and after the Russian Revolution in 1917 they willingly stayed and became a part of the newly formed Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. In the 1930's, many Ukranians had fled the Ukraine and went to Chechnya during the Holodomor, the famine caused by Soviet authorities and Joseph Stalin that killed millions. The Soviet government warned Chechnya not to take in the Ukranians, but they went against the threat and as a result many Ukranians survived the famine by moving to Chechnya. During World War II, part of Chechnya was occupied by Nazi Germany, and over 40,000 Chechens had fought in the Red Army. A Russification process occured during the late 40's and the 50's, with the Russian language becoming standard and many Chechen names being replaced with Russian ones. For the next forty years, Chechnya would be a part of the USSR, but on November 26th 1990 a declaration of sovereignty was made by the Chechen government, but the Soviet and Russian governments both said that Chechnya had never been an independent entity, so they did not recognize the declaration. However they did pull out troops in the year after. Chechnya would stay as a Republic of Russia, and the ethnic and political tension would result in the Wars in Chechnya, which became very bloody and very destructive for both sides, especially in the Chechen capital of Grozny, but had eventually succeeded in keeping Chechnya in the Russian Federation. To this day there is an insurgency by multiple Jihadist and militaristic factions, and terror groups such as Al Qaeda and ISIL have recently found small footholds in Chechnya.
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