ON THIS DAY IN 63 BC: AUGUSTUS IS BORN
Caesar Augustus was born on 23 September 63 BC as Gaius Octavius Thurinus. Augustus was born into a wealthy political family, and was the grandnephew of Julius Caesar himself. In the wake of his uncle Julius’ assassination, Augustus ultimately seized power to become Rome’s first emperor. However, he rejected such titles, instead calling himself “Princeps Civitatis” (First Citizen of the State). During his reign, Augustus greatly expanded the empire, annexing Egypt, Dalmatia, Pannonia, Noricum, and Raetia, expanding possessions in Africa, and completing the conquest of Hispania. The Emperor brought major domestic reforms as well, including taxation and infrastructure. The major project of the Roman Roads began under Caesar Augustus. The first emperor died in AD 14 at the age of 75. Augustus' reign laid the foundations of a regime that lasted, in one form or another, for nearly fifteen hundred years through the ultimate decline of the Western Roman Empire and until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. The Republic was no more.