A perfect example of the unity of art and writing in ancient Egypt: the throne base of a statue of Senwosret I (his name, Senwosret , is in the cartouche at the top center of the scene – and all hieroglyphs we have covered). Below the cartouche is the smA-sign (the windpipe and lungs) that means “to unite.” The hieroglyph is situated between Horus (left) and Seth (right), each of whom has a foot planted atop one of the lungs. The two gods pull on long rope-like elements that are actually plants: the papyrus of Lower Egypt (with Horus) and the lotus of Upper Egypt (with Seth). Where the plants meet the windpipe, they form a clear knot—Horus and Seth are not only smA-uniting, but also Tzi-tying together the “two lands” (Upper and Lower Egypt). Although the hieroglyphs have a strong physicality in this scene, they are still just that—hieroglyphs! To greater and lesser degrees, it is impossible to separate ancient Egyptian art from ancient Egyptian writing. The hieroglyphs to left and right of the cartouche says: “May he give all live, stability, and dominion!” followed by the name of each god: “Great god, variegated of plumage” (Horus of Edfu) and “The Ombite, lord of Upper Egypt” (Seth of Naqada). This scene is also elegant testimony that Seth is not an evil god – he is chaotic, but a little chaos can be a good thing! .
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