With her blond curls and innocent look, Shirley Temple became the child star of the depression era. Just after the Wall Street Crash, the Motion Picture Association of America introduced the Production Code which restricted, amongst others, nudity, vulgarity, costumes and the encouragement of immoral behaviour. To ensure that their films would not be cut, studios performed self-censorship and focussed on "acceptable" subjects, such as history. These strict regulations combined with the surge of unemployment and homelessness resulted in a desire for escapist films. From 1935 to 1940, Temple starred in various films that were marked by escapism. However, 1930s escapism in films was deeply rooted in realism. In most of her films, Temple's character experienced extremely difficult situations, such as orphanhood. Nonetheless, her films were extremely popular and generations grew up with Temple. Photograph from 1935.