#GimJeonghui (#김정희, #金正喜, born on the 3rd day of the 6th lunar month 1786, died on the 10th day of the 10th lunar month 1856), also known as Kim Jeong-hui, was one of the most celebrated practitioners of calligraphy, epigraphists, and scholars of Korea’s later #Joseonperiod. He was a member of the Gim clan of Gyeongju. He used various Ho (pen-names) : Wandang (阮堂), #Chusa (秋史), Yedang (禮堂), Siam (詩庵), Gwapa (果坡), Nogwa (老果) etc. (some 200 in all). He is especially celebrated for having transformed Korean epigraphy and for having created the “#Chusache” (秋史體 Chusa writing style) inspired by his study of ancient Korean and Chinese epitaphs. His ink #paintings, especially of orchids, are equally admired.
As a scholar, he belonged to the #Silhak (Practical Learning) school also known as the Bukhak (北學, “Northern Learning”). He was related to Queen #Jeongsun, the second wife of King #Yeongjo, and by his adoptive mother, Nam Yang-hong, he was a cousin to Namyeon-gun Yi Gu, who was destined to be the grandfather of King #Gojong (高宗, later titled 光武帝 Gwangmu Emperor. 1852–1919). Hongseon #Daewongun (興宣大院君, 1820–1898), King Gojong’s father, who served as his regent and was also a noted calligrapher, was one of Gim’s pupils for a while. @fitnyc