THE BIG 8. Eight foods account for 9 out of 10 reactions in the United States. They are milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, soy, wheat, fish and shellfish. However, FARE and other organizations cite that more than 170 foods have been reported to cause allergic reactions. So what are those other foods?
Among the other common #foodallergens are sesame, rice, fruit, celery, mustard, mollusks, sulfites, and certain meats. Keep reading.
In the U.S. our top list is the #Big8. Canada adds sesame and sulfites to the U.S. list. Europe’s list is the Big 14. For example, in the U.K., Annex II outlines the 14 allergens (and products thereof) that must be labelled or indicated as being present in foods: ◦ Cereals containing gluten, namely wheat (such as spelt and khorasan wheat), rye, barley, oats ◦ Crustaceans, for example prawns, crabs, lobster, crayfish ◦ Eggs ◦ Fish ◦ Peanuts ◦ Soybeans ◦ Milk (including lactose) ◦ Nuts, namely almonds, hazelnuts, walnuts, cashews, pecan nuts, Brazil nuts, pistachio nuts, macadamia nuts ◦ Celery (including celeriac) ◦ Mustard ◦ Sesame ◦ Sulfur dioxide/sulfites, where added and at a level above 10mg/kg or 10mg/L in the finished product. (See below re sulfites) ◦ Lupin, which includes lupin seeds and flour and can be found in types of bread, pastries and pasta ◦ Molluscs like mussels, whelks, oysters, snails and squid
What are sulfites? Sulfites are typically used as a food additive, preservative or food enhancer. What foods contain sulfites? • Dried fruits (excluding dark raisins and prunes) • Bottled lemon juice (non-frozen) • Bottled lime juice (non-frozen) • Wine • Molasses • Sauerkraut (and its juice) • Grape juices Cheeses • Fruit toppings Maraschino cherries
An interesting resource is this map from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln Food Allergy Research and Resources: https://farrp.unl.edu/IRChart. It identifies allergen by country as covered by international regulations