171) White-tailed deer/Mule deer: Like most deer, white-tailed deer are extremely skittish and have excellent hearing – to spot predators (and photographers), so you must be very quiet and approach them from down wind. Wearing camouflage clothing will help to conceal you and let you get as close as possible without spooking the deer. Movement is what gives the photographer away, so be patient and still when you are in your chosen spot. Once the deer get close, you’ll need to use a fast telephoto zoom (100mm to 300mm) to capture the action. Patience is the name of the game here, so waiting with a tripod will keep you from getting fatigued. You can photograph white-tailed deer in the summer when their coats are a deep reddish-brown, or in the fall and winter when the coats become dull gray for protection and concealment. In the summer the male bucks are in “velvet”, a fuzzy collection of blood vessels that nourish the growing antlers. They lose the velvet, and have their full antlers prior to the autumn mating season, known as the “rut”. Antlers later fall off in the winter. Some game farms or zoos have captive deer, and can provide easier photographic opportunities.