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palaeolexicon palaeolexicon

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www.palaeolexicon.com  Focusing on historical linguistics and archaeology. This project offers you a window to the past of humankind! Most shots (with exceptions) are ours.

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The #nereid #monument known also as the #Lycian #temple, is a #tomb build for Erbbina, a Lycian ruler of #Xanthos/Arñna. Although he was not #Greek, Erbinna chose to be buried in a tomb that resembles a Greek temple of the #Ionic order. The monument is much influenced by the Ionic temples of the #Acropolis of #Athens.The iconography is a mixture of Greek and Lycian style.

#history #archaeology #archaeologist #ancient #ancienthistory #lycia #ancientworld #anatolia #asiaminor #turkey #britishmuseum

#Medieval #Kufic script on marble from #Hatay, #Turkey. Kufic is an old #calligraphic form of modified #Nabataean. It was developed around the area of #Kufa in the 7th century CE.
This grave belongs to Mujaheed bin Habib. He died bearing witness La ila ha ilallahu Muhammad ur Rasool Allah. May god has his mercy upon him. May god forgive him and be content with him. My god forgive his sins. May god do not blame him for his misdeeds and faults. May his grave be an abode of light and make him a disciple of his prophet. May god also have mercy on those who feel sorry for him.

#history #archaeology #archaeologist #palaegraphy #historicallinguistics #linguistics #arabiclanguage #inscription #arabic

God #Serapis (Attic) or #Sarapis (Doric) was created by the #Greek rules of #Egypt around 300 BCE. He looks like #Zeus and #Hades, but his function originates from the Egyptian #Osiris. The idea was to unify the Greeks and Egyptians during the reign of #Ptolemy I. Next to him sits #Cerberus, the guardian #dog of the #underworld.
#archaeology #history #archaeologist #egyptian #ancient #ancientworld #ancientcivilization

The year is 1500 BCE. The #wheel, including #carts pulled by #horses have reached #Scandinavia. The people bearing this new technology speak a #language that belongs to the Indo-European language family. They are here to stay, and 2000 years later they will raise big stone-blocks inscribed with #runic symbols.

#history #archaeology #archaeologist #historicallinguistics #linguistics #cart #horse #indoeuropean #protogermanic #oldnorse #sweden #historiskamuseet #historyoflanguage

When looking for the origins of the #Arabic alphabet one will stumble upon the Nabataean #script (attested 100 B.C.E.–350 C.E.). In turn Nabataean is descended from the #Aramaic alphabet.

#history #archaeology #linguistics #historicallinguistics #palaeography #Jordan #Nabataean #semitic #semiticlanguages #ancient #ancientworld #middleeast #alphabet #historyofwriting

The old religion meets the new in the town of #Acanceh, where a Mayan #pyramid stands next to a #church. Here #Yucatec #Mayan is spoken daily.

#history #ancient #archaeology #archaeologist #ancientworld #maya #mayancivilization #mexico #yucatan #language #linguistics #historicallinguistics

Rock-carvings from the Cycladic islands dating back 6000-5000 years, reveal that early #Aegean #civilization had advanced naval technology.

#history #archaeology #archaeologist #historical #ancienthistory #ancientworld #ancient #neolithic #cycladic #cycladiccivilization #minoans #greece #hellas #carving #ship

#Inscribed lintel of a rock-cut tomb at #Silwan, near #Jerusalem. The text states that the #tomb belongs to the 'royal steward', and that there is no gold or silver inside, just his bones and those of his maid-servant. It ends with a curse on anyone who violates the tomb. Although the text is broken at the point where the official is named, it is thought that this is the tomb of Shebna, the royal steward of King Hezekiah of #Judah. It may be the tomb mentioned in the bible (Isaiag xxii, 15, 16) where the prophet rebukes a royal steward named Shebna for building himself too conspricuous a tomb. 7th century BCE. .
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The text reads: .
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zo't [... ...]yahu asher 'al ha bayt 'ain kesef ve zahav
im [...] ve 'etsem amatah 'itah arur ha 'ish asher
yiftach 'et zo't .
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#history #archaeology #historical #archaeologist #inscription #linguistics #palaeography #historicallinguistics #hebrew #israel #biblicalarchaeology

#Urartian bird-headed #Apkallu. Those mesopotamian #angels were demigods created by the #Sumerian #god #Enki, with a mission to establish #culture and #civilization to humankind. They could be antropomorphic, bird-headed or half-fish.
#history #archaeology #mesopotamia #archaeologist #sumerians #akkadian #urartu #angel #ancient #ancientworld #ancienthistory

Systematic #writing in #Greece dates back 4100 years (see the last image with #Cretan #hieroglyphics), nevertheless the first #signs of #alphabetic writing appear around the 9th century BCE. Some of the earliest examples (740 BCE) come from #Macedonia, a region where the use of #Greek as a native #language was disputed 30 years ago. Recent findings in #Methone and upper Macedonia (Elimeia) pushed the date of #literacy to the #archaic age.
#history #archaeology #historicallinguistics #linguistics #palaeography #ancientgreek #greeklanguage #ancient #alphabet #ancientmacedonian #minoan #historyofwriting #indoeuropean #preindoeuropean

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