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Mesopotamia Instagram  This instagram is about Cradle of Civilization: Mesopotamia. I want everyone to know about it, because it's forgotten these days.

The Start of Geometry

The oldest suggestions of an ordered system of measurements go back to the ancient Babylonians, who developed methods of land surveying embodying calculations of the area of simple geometric figures bounded by straight lines and area of circles. This reflected in the name “geometry”, whose literal meaning is Earth measuring.
The assumption of Babylonian astronomers that the year had 360 days is very likely the origin of our system of measuring angles in degrees; the fact that the angles of equilateral triangles are 60 degrees may explain, in part, the hexadecimal method of counting. The Babylonians laid the first foundations of the science of geometry by their purposeful study of the properties of circles. ( the image - a Babylonian ‘math text book’ that depicts the Pythagorean theorem thousands of years before the time of Pythagoras).

The Assyrian artefacts respond to ISIS's attack.

A new evidence was discovered proves that Assyrians are the true inventors of Mercedes Benz. #JustForLaughs

Votive figure, 2900-2500 BC

Foundation Peg with cuneiform inscription. 2400 B.C, clay, Babylonian.

Kudurra (Boundary Stone) 1300 B.C, Babylonian, Kassite (Modern Iraq).
This were used in ancient Babylonia to commemorate gift of land from a king.

Thank you.

Stela of Ashurbanipal, The city of Babylon had been destroyed by the Assyrian king Sennacherib in 689 BC but was rebuilt by his son Esarhaddon (reigned 680-669 BC) and grandson Ashurbanipal (reigned 669-631 BC). One of the duties of a Mesopotamian king was to care for the gods and restore or rebuild their temples. Much earlier, in the late third millennium BC, rulers in southern Mesopotamia depicted themselves carrying out this pious task in the form of foundation pegs, such as the copper figure of Ur-Nammu (reigned 2112-2095 BC), also in The British Museum.
It is possible that similar figurines were discovered in the ruins of Babylon during Ashurbanipal's rebuilding works. For on this stela, Ashurbanipal, wearing the Assyrian king's head-dress, is shown in the pose of earlier kings, lifting up a large basket of earth for the ritual moulding of the first brick.

The cuneiform inscription around and over the king's body records his restoration of the shrine of Ea, the god of fresh water and wisdom, within the Temple of Marduk, the supreme deity of Babylon.

Esarhaddon (reigned 681-669 BCE) was the third king of the Sargonid Dynasty of the Neo-Assyrian Empire. He was the youngest son of King Sennacherib (reigned 705-681 BCE), and his mother was not the queen but a concubine named Zakutu (also known as Naqia-Zakutu, c.701-668 BCE). He is best known for re-building Babylon (which his father had destroyed) and for his military campaigns in Egypt. An avid follower of astrology, he consulted oracles on a regular basis throughout his reign, far more than any other Assyrian king. He claimed the gods had ordained him to restore Babylon and cleverly omitted from his inscriptions anything that would implicate Sennacherib in the city’s fall. In his other diplomatic letters he seems equally careful and maintained, then enlarged, the empire his father had left to him. He died on campaign in Egypt and left the throne to his son, Ashurbanipal.

The Sennacherib Prism, recording the first eight campaigns of King Sennacherib (704-681 BC). This six-sided baked clay document (or prism) was discovered at the Assyrian capital Nineveh, in an area known today as Nebi Yunus. As one of the first major Assyrian documents found, this document played an important part in the decipherment of the cuneiform script.

The prism is a foundation record, intended to preserve King Sennacherib's achievements for posterity and the gods. The record of his account of his third campaign (701 BC) is particularly interesting to scholars. It involved the destruction of forty-six cities of the state of Judah and the deportation of 200,150 people. Hezekiah, king of Judah, is said to have sent tribute to Sennacherib. This event is described from another point of view in the Old Testament books of 2 Kings and Isaiah. Interestingly, the text on the prism makes no mention of the siege of Lachish which took place during the same campaign and is illustrated in a series of panels from Sennacherib's palace at Nineveh.