As an archipelagic state, Indonesia is blessed with 2,5 million ha of coral reefs and its associated ecosystem. The health of coral reefs are important, as it holds high ecological value, providing essential services such as buffering against storm surge, stabilizing coastal and areas against erosion, a habitat for various fish species, and supporting livelihoods and economic activities in many countries. It is facing imminent threats, in which about 60% of the world's reefs may be at risk due to destructive human-related activities. 80% of reefs are already endangered in Southeast Asia. By 2030s, 90% of reefs are expected to be at risk from both human activities and climate change; by 2050, it is predicted that all coral reefs will be in danger. The ICRI, currently co-chaired by Monaco 🇲🇨, Indonesia 🇮🇩 and Australia 🇦🇺 is working on restoring and conserving the coral reefs, and promoting its sustainable management. A healthy ocean is the key to sustainable development.