Where is the Historical Peninsula of Istanbul
Dating back to 685 B.C., and was the capital for many civilizations such as the Romans, Byzantine and Ottoman Empire for ages, the Historical Peninsula is the tourist area in Istanbul where all tourists head for most. The region is the old Istanbul inside the city walls with all the sightseeing heavyweights packed together with must-see mosques, museums, palaces and more. The historical peninsula of Istanbul is now within the Fatih district.
Byzantion was the name of the city founded by the Megaran commander Byzas in 685 B.C. and Greeks were the first settlers here. During the expansion of the Roman Empire towards the Asia Minor, in 330, the Emperor Constantine declared the city as the capital and gave the city his name, Constantinople. In 395, the Roman Empire collapsed and the Eastern Roman Empire ruled, to be known as the Byzantine Empire. Byzantine Empire ruled the city until the Ottoman Empire's conquest of Istanbul in 1453, by Fatih Sultan Mehmed.
The Byzantium period left Istanbul an immense cultural heritage with lots of sights such as the iconic Hagia Sophia, the Chora Church, the Pantocrator Monastery, Great Palace Mosaics Museum and the Church of Sts Sergius and Bacchus which can still be visited today. The Fener and Balat neighborhood also has rich Byzantine heritage.
After the conquest of Istanbul, the city became the heart and impressive capital of the Ottoman Empire. And the city was embellished with variety of great landmarks and places such as beautiful mosques, palaces, fountains and mansions through the Historical Peninsula, as well as the shores of the Bosphorus and the Golden Horn. The Hagia Sophia converted into a mosque, and than into a museum.
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