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Iam Ronnie Walka  -R&B / Soul Singer -Song Writer -Editor and for: -Caution Magazine -Stack Magazine -Titaniumgirlz Magazine For contact: iamronniewalka@gmail.com

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Billie Holiday

Jazz vocalist Billie Holiday was born in 1915 in Philadelphia. Considered one of the best jazz vocalists of all time, Holiday had a thriving career as a jazz singer for many years before she lost her battle with substance abuse.
Also known as Lady Day, her autobiography was made into the 1972 film Lady Sings the Blues. In 2000, Billie Holiday was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

#billyholiday #blackhistorymonth #blackhistory #knowtheyself

In order to change the world you have to get your head together first... #jimihendrix #blackhistorymonth #blackhistory #knowtheyself

Ray Charles “I was born with music inside me. Music was one of my parts. Like my ribs, my kidneys, my liver, my heart. Like my blood. It was a force already within me when I arrived on the scene. It was a necessity for me-like food or water.” – #RayCharles

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American teen heartthrob. He also inspired a number of younger musicians, including Michael Jackson. Born in Harlem, he became a singer of doo-wop, performing with his friends for donations on the streets of New York. They later created the quartet that would be known as the Teenagers. In January 1956 they released “Why Do Fools Fall in Love?” and it reached the number one position on the Rhythm and Blues charts and number six on the pop charts. Lymon left the Teenagers and recorded the moderately successful “Goody, Goody.” His life was the subject of a movie titled after his famous song, “Why Do Fools Fall in Love?”

Joseph Bologne Chevalier de Saint-Georges (1745 - 1799)

Although a tiny minority of classical musicians even today are of African descent, there have been many outstanding musicians over the centuries.
In the Eighteenth Century, the most well known was Joseph Bologne Chevalier de Saint-Georges (1745 - 1799). His father was a planter on the Caribbean island, Guadeloupe, and his mother a slave. The family moved to France in 1853 and he acquired a first-class education. Known today as the Black Mozart (Le Mozart Noir), he was active as a violinist, conductor, and composer in Paris. He composed symphonies, concertos, sinfonia concertantes (concertos for more than one instrument), and operas. It was he who commissioned Haydn's Paris Symphonies.

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Samuel Cook known as Sam Cooke
Sam Cooke - Samuel Cook, (January 22, 1931 – December 11, 1964), better known under the stage name Sam Cooke, was an American gospel, R&B, soul, and pop singer, songwriter, and entrepreneur. He is considered to be one of the pioneers and founders of soul music. He is commonly known as the King of Soul for his distinctive vocal abilities and influence on the modern world of music. His contribution in pioneering Soul music led to the rise of Aretha Franklin, Bobby Womack, Al Green, Curtis Mayfield, Stevie Wonder, Marvin Gaye, and popularized the likes of Otis Redding and James Brown. see music in bhs

Cooke had 29 top-40 hits in the U.S. between 1957 and 1964. Major hits like "You Send Me", "A Change Is Gonna Come", "Cupid", "Chain Gang", "Wonderful World", and "Twistin' the Night Away" are some of his most popular songs. Cooke was also among the first modern black performers and composers to attend to the business side of his musical career. He founded both a record label and a publishing company as an extension of his careers as a singer and composer. He also took an active part in the American Civil Rights Movement.

On December 11, 1964, Cooke was fatally shot by the manager of the Hacienda Motel in Los Angeles, California, at the age of 33. At the time, the courts ruled that Cooke was drunk and distressed, and that the manager had killed Cooke in what was later ruled a justifiable homicide.

#samcooke #blackhistory #blackhistorymonth #blackhistorymusic #knowtheyself #blackpanter

When it comes to television ratings, nothing compares to the big game. And when you’ve got the biggest audience of the year sitting in front of their screens, you need the biggest star to keep people entertained at halftime.

The last seven Super Bowls have been the top seven most-watched programs in American television history. If you expand Nielsen’s list to a top 20, the only non-Super Bowl on there is the series finale of M*A*S*H. In 2015, the big game earned three times the viewers of the next closest non-football broadcast.

That Super Bowl captive audience turned performing at halftime from a chore into an honor reserved for superstars.

This year, six-time Grammy Award winner Lady Gaga will have the task of stitching the second quarter to the third without losing too many viewers to food runs. She’s the latest megastar to headline football’s biggest intermission, joining the ranks of Beyonce, Prince, U2, Bruce Springsteen, and The Rolling Stones.

Of course, it wasn’t always this way. The Grambling State marching band and the gratingly happy Up With People organization were constant musical fixtures of early Super Bowls. Even as the big game picked up steam as a cultural phenomenon, its intermission served as little more than a bathroom break. Super Bowl XXIII in 1989 was headlined by an Elvis Presley impersonator who, impressively, didn’t sing a single Elvis song. Three years later, Gloria Estefan teamed up with figure skater Brian Boitano to get people on their feet and moving to the Metrodome’s concession stands.

That all changed in 1993. Michael Jackson’s star touched down on Super Bowl XXVII, where the King of Pop would set the standard for all halftime appearances going forward. Jackson used body doubles to teleport his way across the Rose Bowl in a spectacle unlike any the big game had ever seen before. It was a surprising bright spot in an otherwise forgettable blowout loss for the Buffalo Bills.

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The first Africans transported to this country came from a variety of ethnic groups with a long history of distinct and cultivated musical traditions. Some were able to bring musical instruments with them or build new ones in this country. The "banja" or "banshaw," now known as the banjo, was one of the African instruments that continued to be built and played in America. Africans in America also fashioned numerous types of drums and percussion instruments from whatever materials they could gather. Slaveholders, however, eventually discovered that African slaves were using drums to communicate among themselves and by the 1700s, drums had been banned on many plantations.

African American slaves on southern plantations cultivated their own musical styles, which later evolved into gospel, blues, and what is now known as bluegrass and country music. Slave fiddlers often provided dance music for the southern white gentry, and the sound we recognize today as country fiddling is partially the product of the slave fiddler. Most slaves were not allowed to own instruments or could not afford to purchase them. However, using makeshift instruments and their own bodies, they created unique musical ensembles. One of the most pervasive holdovers from African music was an emphasis on rhythm and the use of complex polyrhythms still found in African music.

Over time, many distinct practices and traditions of African music were either forgotten or blended with other musical traditions. Nevertheless, African music continued to flow into the New World as a result of the slave trade, which continued illegally well into the nineteenth century despite its official abolition in 1808.

#blackmusic #knowtheyself #blackpanther #blackhistory

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