Here is a photo of Calfin the Ploughman, out in Elsanol field, performing this field’s primary cultivation of the year. He’s turning the top soil to bury last year’s cereal and pea stubbles (and also some farmyard manure), all of which will rot down and feed the soil and help to maintain the all-important soil structure. Calfin will return a week or so later, when he will have transformed himself into Calfin the Powerharrowman, returning to perform Elsanol’s secondary cultivation: to break-up the ploughed clods of soil to create a finely tilthed seedbed for the next crop to be drilled into. This year, Elsanol will have two different crops grown in it – the 1st, barley and peas, will be short lived as it is to be grown to be cut as a wholecrop silage. The 2nd crop, sown into the same seedbed a week or so after the barley and peas are sown, will be a 17-species herbal grass ley. About a month after the barley and peas are cut in July, the herbal grass ley will take over and grow up through the previous crop’s stubbles. By late August this herbal ley will be ready to be grazed by the cows and then, come 2019, the field will be used as a silage field, producing the cows’ winter forage for several years to come. When this ley loses productivity, anything from 5 to 8 years from now, Calfin will return to plough Elsanol and it will have returned to the top of Bwlchwernen Fawr’s crop rotation cycle and thus be due two years of oats, peas and barley grown for the seeds for milling and feeding in the milking parlour, while the cereal and pea straw will be used as a very sweet-scented bedding. Unless climate change decides to modify things for us between now and then, in which case Elsanol will have become a vineyard or a rice paddy or a desolate appalling tundra filled with wolves and bears, in which case, I’ll see you in a decade when I’ll be one of the following: very drunk or very wet or very cold and scared of the wolves and the bears.