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ESA Earth From Space  Earth Observation @ the European Space Agency 🌍 Click the link below to catch our current #EarthFromSpace image.

http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2017/07/Pilanesberg_South_Africa

Sentinel-5P unveiled 
The image offers an internal view of the Copernicus Sentinel-5P satellite. The mechanical platform consists of a hexagonal structure and three solar wings that are deployed once the satellite is in orbit. It houses the Tropomi sensor and instruments such as the optical assembly, radiant cooler and instrument control unit. Tropomi is mounted on the ‘top floor’ of the platform and positioned at an angle of 30° to ensure the instrument points towards Earth. 
The Tropomi instrument is designed to map a multitude of trace gases such as nitrogen dioxide, ozone, formaldehyde, methane, carbon monoxide and aerosols – all of which affect the air we breathe and our climate. 
Antennas, startrackers and radiant cooler are also mounted on the top floor. The propulsion system, which is a monopropellant hydrazine system, has a capacity of 82 kg with four 1 N thrusters in two redundant pairs. Sentinel-5P is 3.5 m high, 5.63 m across and weighs 820 kg, including fuel.
#Copernicus #Sentinel #Sentinel5P #satellite #HexagonalStructure #SolarWings #orbit #Tropomi #sensor #OpticalInstruments #Earth #EarthObservation #TraceGases #aerosol #NitrogenDioxide #ozone #formaldehyde #methane #CarbonMonoxide #CO #CO2 #air #breathe #climate #antennas #startrackers #RadiantCooler #PropulsionSystem #EO #atmosphere
Copyright: ESA/ATG medialab

The Sentinel-3A satellite caught this image of a dust storm blowing east across the Red Sea last year, on 25 July 2016. 
Dust storms, or sandstorms, are usually the result of a large mass of cold air moving swiftly across dry ground covered with loose sand and silt. They are remarkable natural phenomena that can cause major ecological and agricultural damage. 
Dust storms can be a major contributor to reduced air quality and can cause hazards to human health. Windborne dust particles can invade our respiratory system’s natural defences and lodge in the bronchial tubes, increasing the number and severity of asthma attacks, causing or aggravating bronchitis and reducing the body’s ability to fight infections. 
Other visible features include the Nile River on the upper left side of the image, and the orange sands of the Arabian Desert in the upper right. 
Sentinel-3 carries a suite of instruments to monitor Earth’s oceans, land, ice and atmosphere for Europe’s Copernicus programme. This image was captured by the Ocean and Land Colour Instrument.
#Copernicus #Sentinel #Sentinel3 #satellite #DustStorm #RedSea #SandStorm #EcologicalDamage #AgriculturalDamage #AirQuality #hazards #HumanHealth #DustParticles #NileRiver #ArabianDesert #oceans #land #ice #atmosphere
Copyright: contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data (2016), processed by ESA, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO

The Copernicus Sentinel-5P satellite carries the state-of-the-art Tropomi instrument to map a multitude of trace gases such as nitrogen dioxide, ozone, formaldehyde, sulphur dioxide, methane, carbon monoxide and aerosols – all of which affect the air we breathe and therefore our health, and our climate. 
With a swath width of 2600 km, it will map the entire planet every day. Information from this new mission will be used through the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service for air quality forecasts and for decision-making.

#Copernicus #Sentinel #Sentinel5P #satellite #Tropomi #instrument #atmosphere #TraceGases #NitrogenDioxide #ozone #formaldehyde #SulphurDioxide #Methane #CarbonMonoxide #CO #CO2 #aerosols #air #health #climate #ClimateChange

Copyright: ESA/ATG

Today is the #BelgianNationalDay 🇧🇪 🇪🇺 Launched on 7 May 2013, Proba-V is a miniaturised ESA satellite tasked with a full-scale mission: to map land cover and vegetation growth across the entire planet every two days. 
This cloud-free image of Belgium, acquired by Proba-V on 19 July 2015, has a 300 m per pixel resolution and is composed of cloud, shadow, and snow/ice screened observations over a period of 10 days. 
Belgium is one of ESA’s 22 member states. 
Proba-V imagery at 1km resolution is owned by ESA, Proba-V imagery at 300m resolution is owned by Belspo, the Belgian Science Policy Office. 
VITO Remote Sensing processes and distribute Proba-V data to users worldwide on behalf of ESA and Belspo. 
This image is part of a set to celebrate the launch of ESA’s new Open Access (OA) policy for images, video and data: 22 freshly processed and thus new images of ESA’s 22 member states have just been released under the OA compliant Creative Commons CC-BY SA 3.0 IGO licence. The set consists of one cloud-free image in 300 m per pixel resolution of each ESA member state, i.e. Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
#fetenationale #Belgium, #Belgique, #Belgie, #Belgica! #21juillet #21juli #nationalday #bruxelles #brussels #NationalDay #Proba #ProbaV #satellite #minisatellite #ESA #MemberStates #CreativeCommons #OpenAccess #Belspo #Vito #vegetation #FalseColour #CloudFree @europeanspaceagency
Copyright: ESA/Belspo – produced by VITO, Creative Commons CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO

The Copernicus Sentinel-3 satellite takes us over the Baltic Sea and surrounding countries. 
Snow, ice and clouds dominate the image, providing us with an overall view of the area’s climate when this image was captured on 6 March. Sentinel-3 offers a ‘bigger picture’ for Europe’s Copernicus programme by systematically measuring Earth’s oceans, land, ice and atmosphere to monitor and understand large-scale global dynamics. 
Finland is positioned at the centre of the image. The country has been called the ‘land of a thousand lakes’ – most of which are covered by ice and snow in this image. 
To its west is the Gulf of Bothnia, the northernmost arm of the Baltic Sea separating part of Finland from Sweden. Clouds on the lower left obstruct our view of the Swedish capital, Stockholm. 
In the upper left we can see part of Norway’s coastline with its famed fjords. During the ice age, ice and rivers carved deep valleys in the mountains. As the climate changed, most of the ice melted and the valleys were gradually filled with salt water from the coast, giving birth to the fjords. 
Russia dominates the right side of the image with the ice-covered Lake Onega and partially covered Lake Ladoga. 
Estonia is visible in the lower-central part of the image with significantly less snow cover, but with large areas of ice along its coast and on Lake Peipus.
#Copernicus #Sentinel #Sentinel3 #satellite #BalticSea #snow #ice #clouds #climate #oceans #land #atmosphere #GlobalDynamics #Finland #lakes #GulfOfBothnia #Sweden #Stockholm #Norway #IceAge #fjords #Russia #LakeOnega #LakeLadoga #Estonia #LakePeipus #CreativeCommons

Copyright: contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data (2017), processed by ESA, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO

#WhereOnEarth was this satellite image captured? Try to guess for a chance to win an ESA gadget. You have to give the full name of the large white shape in the middle of the picture. 
Please, keep in mind thst this is just a snippet of a larger image, which will be revealed tomorrow at 10:00 CEST during our weekly episode of #EarthFromSpace.
First hint: Quaternary glaciers.
#Copernicus #Sentinel #Sentinel3 #OceanColour #LandColour #image #contest #quiz #ice #Earth #EarthObservation #RemoteSensing #MyPlanetFromSpace #gadget #prize #ESA @europeanspaceagency #glaciers
Copyright: contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data (2017), processed by ESA, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO

#PalaceDay 🏰🇧🇪 This false-colour image from the Spot-5 satellite was acquired on 28 September 2011 over central Belgium, capturing the capital city of Brussels (left). Zooming in on the city, we can see a number of large parks, such as the Parc du Cinquantenaire or Jubelpark in the city’s European Quarter – home to the institutions of the European Union.  Brussels is the de facto capital of the EU, and is a major centre for international politics. 
Further west, we can see the Parc de Bruxelles or Warandepark, where the Royal Palace of Brussels and Belgium Parliament are located. 
Northeast of the city, we can see the runways of the Brussels Airport. 
Darker blue areas throughout the image depict thick vegetation cover, such as the city parks and the large Sonian Forest south of Brussels. Stretching over 4400 hectares, the forest is home to animals such as deer, red squirrel and wild boar. Brown bear and wolf also once roamed this area, but have disappeared through human influence and changes in the ecosystem over hundreds of years.
#FalseColour #Spot #Spot5 #satellite #CentralBelgium #Belgium #CapitalCity #Brussels #parks #ParcDuCinquantenaire #Jubelpark #EuropeanQuarter #EuropeanUnion #EU #ParcDeBruxelles #Warandepark #RoyalPalace of #BelgiumParliament #BrusselsAirport #VegetationCover #CityParks #SonianForest #ecosystem @palaceday

Copyright: Airbus Defence and Space

The United Kingdom by Proba-V 
Launched on 7 May 2013, Proba-V is a miniaturised ESA satellite tasked with a full-scale mission: to map land cover and vegetation growth across the entire planet every two days. 
This cloud-free image of the United Kingdom, acquired by Proba-V on 19 July 2015, has a 300 m per pixel resolution and is composed of cloud, shadow, and snow/ice screened observations over a period of 1 day. 
The United Kingdom is one of ESA’s 22 member states. 
Proba-V imagery at 1km resolution is owned by ESA, Proba-V imagery at 300m resolution is owned by Belspo, the Belgian Science Policy Office. 
VITO Remote Sensing processes and distribute Proba-V data to users worldwide on behalf of ESA and Belspo. 
This image is part of a set to celebrate the launch of ESA’s new Open Access (OA) policy for images, video and data: 22 freshly processed and thus new images of ESA’s 22 member states have just been released under the OA compliant Creative Commons CC-BY SA 3.0 IGO licence. The set consists of one cloud-free image in 300 m per pixel resolution of each ESA member state, i.e. Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
#UnitedKingdom #UK #England #Scotland #Wales #NorthernIreland #Proba #ProbaV #minisatellite #satellite #LandCover #vegetation #CloudFree #CreativeCommons #MemberStates #ESA @europeanspaceagency
Copyright: ESA/Belspo – produced by VITO, Creative Commons CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO

A-68 is not one massive berg any more. The Copernicus Sentinel-1B satellite has captured the iceberg breaking up into three large and several smaller bergs, as it drifts further away from the Larsen-C ice shelf.

#Copernicus #Sentinel #Sentinel1 #radar #satellite #Antarctica #IceShelf #AntarcticOcean #iceberg #berg #A68 #Larsen #LarsenC #GiantIceberg

Copyright
Video: ESA (2017), CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO
Music: ‘Three Icebergs’ by Zreen Toyz, CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Today is #MandelaDay
Robben Island, where Nobel Laureate and former South African President Nelson Mandela was incarcerated for decades, is visible off the coast of Cape Town. The Western Cape is the meeting point of the cold Atlantic Ocean, to the west, and the warm Indian Ocean, to the south. 
This Envisat radar image captures the Western Cape Province in South Africa, that hosted the 2010 Soccer World Cup. Cape Town, the capital of the province, is seen in white and pink on the northern end of Cape Peninsula, which juts into the Atlantic Ocean. Cape Point and the Cape of Good Hope are located on the peninsula’s southern end. 
The majority of the area seen in this image is a botanical wonderland – the Cape floral kingdom. There are only five other floral kingdoms on Earth: the Antarctic, Australasian, Boreal, Neotropic and Palaeotropic. According to the World Wildlife Fund, this unique plant kingdom is more diverse botanically than the richest tropical rainforests, including the Amazon in South America. 
The area covers slightly less than 90 000 sq km (roughly the size of Portugal) of the Cape’s total area of 129 370 sq km (roughly the size of Greece). The fynbos biome (bright purple, teal green and baby blue areas) comprises the majority of the kingdom. 
Many fynbos – a collection of plants dominated by evergreen, hard-leaved and flowering shrubs – depend on a cycle of fires for their survival, as the heat germinates their seeds and prevents them from degenerating. The fynbos currently faces threats from agriculture, invasive alien plants, urbanisation and climate change. 
This image was created by combining three Envisat Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar acquisitions (3 June 2010, 29 April 2010 and 25 March 2010) taken over the same area. The colours in the image result from changes in the surface that occurred between acquisitions.
#Envisat #radar #satellite #RobbenIsland #Nobel Laureate #SouthAfrica #NelsonMandela #NelsonMandelaDay #Mandela #CapeTown #WesternCape #AtlanticOcean #IndianOcean #WorldCup #CapePeninsula #CapePoint #CapeOfGoodHope #FloralKingdom #WorldWildlifeFund #fynbos #biome #agriculture #AlienPlants #urbanisation #ClimateChange #soccer

#Dragonstone is a fictional city from #GameOfThrones. Can you guess what the real city is named? #WinterIsHere (The landscapes of Ireland and Great Britain are pictured in this rare cloud-free view acquired by ESA’s Envisat on 28 March 2012. This image is one of almost 500 that have been retroactively released under a Creative Commons CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO licence.) #WinterIsComing #WinterHasCome #GOT #Envisat #satellite #CreativeCommons #landscapes #Ireland #GreatBritain
Copyright: ESA, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO

This cloud-free image of Austria, acquired by Proba-V on 19 July 2015, has a 300 m per pixel resolution and is composed of cloud, shadow, and snow/ice screened observations over a period of 1 day. 
Austria is one of ESA’s 22 member states. 
This image is part of a set to celebrate the launch of ESA’s new Open Access (OA) policy for images, video and data: 22 freshly processed and thus new images of ESA’s 22 member states have just been released under the OA compliant Creative Commons CC-BY SA 3.0 IGO licence. The set consists of one cloud-free image in 300 m per pixel resolution of each ESA member state, i.e. Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
#Proba #ProbaV #satellite #minisatellite #ESA #MemberStates #Austria #Europe #Österreich #vegetation #LandCover #CloudFree #EarthObservaton #CreativeCommons @europeanspaceagency
Copyright: ESA/Belspo – produced by VITO, Creative Commons CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO

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