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The unilateral declaration of acceptance of Jerusalem as solely Israel's capital by Donald Trump leaves the globe worried, and the people of Palestine angry. Why was there an issue at all? And if there was, then how did it escalate to the situation today?
Read this blog by Mainak Mandal to know more

The blog link is in the bio.

A series to applaud the efforts made by different countries to try and eradicate poverty.

United States of America

The citizens of USA have faced poverty and the youth has often led astray to substance abuse. There have been many governmental efforts to reduce poverty and its effects. The policies target children, handicapped individuals, immigrants and homeless people. Efforts in the fields of education, unemployment, legislation have been done.

Rather than focusing on only income based poverty, the government has tried to focus on asset based poverty too. It is the kind of poverty where the individual doesn't have savings or assets enough for basic expenses. The Congress started with the Assets for Independence initiative. An Individual Development Account looks after the same. Funds administered in this account help to build an individual's first house, pay for post-secondary education, or expanding a small business.

Additionally, the Earned Income Tax Credit(EITC or EIC) is a credit for people who earn low-to-moderate incomes. This credit allows them to get money from the government if their total tax outlay is less than the total credit earned, meaning it is not just a reduction in total tax paid but can also bring new income to the household.

Follow the series written on "Steps taken by different nations to eradicate poverty" by Jaanvi Agrawal.

A series to applaud the efforts made by different countries to try and eradicate poverty.

United Kingdom

United Kingdom is a home to a lot of adults who have never had a job and a lot of children who have had parents with serious drug problems. To provide a better lifestyle, the government has taken various steps. The policies not only help with education but also deal with job security, mental health and family stability. A lot of youths land up in prison because of the lack of basic education and the easy access to drugs and alcohol.

Realising the bane of income from benefits, which would make individuals dependent for welfare and would also fuel drug dependency, jobs that pay well are being offered to the citizens leading to confidence and self esteem other than job security. Benefits for out of work families have increased with the increase in prices. Tax credit has been introduced for people in low paying jobs.
Poverty was majorly reduced because of the job opportunities. The minimum wage was introduced in April 1999 with the aim of eradicating extreme low pay. Since then it has been expanded to cover more and more people and jobs and, in April 2016, a higher minimum wage (called the National Living Wage) was introduced for workers aged 25 and over.

With various policies childcare expenses are also helped with. Through the NHS, the poor receive top class medical facilities for completely free.

Follow the series written on "Steps taken by different nations to eradicate poverty" by Jaanvi Agrawal.

A series to applaud the efforts made by different countries to try and eradicate poverty.


Most of the parts of Colombia has never experienced peace. Despite Colombia being in constant conflict, commendable work has been done to combat poverty. A lot of farmers left their rural lands because of conflict and moved to urban regions to provide for their family. In the attempt to build a post conflict era, the people have been restored with their land and have been given livelihood options. Reparations have also been awarded to victims. Issues pertaining to crime have been dealt with severely and Colombia is a safer place than it previously was.

Colombia has accepted a multidimensional measurement of poverty rather than the common measurement which only focuses on income of it’s citizens. Efforts have been made to help the youth leave the path of violence and embrace peace with the help of art, music and sports. The youth is not only given classroom training but there exist programmes that give them job trainings in form of internships. To rebuild the social fabric of the country, schools teach subjects related to the same. Primary and secondary education was made free in hopes of decreasing the drop- out rates of students.

By increasing the range of health insurance, better medical care is provided to the poor, there has been a rise in the life expectancy and fall in infant mortality. Awareness related to HIV is spread widely. Good infrastructure has been built to use resources efficiently and with constant monetary help Colombia has paved a path to eradicate poverty.

Follow the series written on "Steps taken by different nations to eradicate poverty" by Jaanvi Agrawal.

A series to applaud the efforts made by different countries to try and eradicate poverty.


The Government of Malawi actively started working to eradicate poverty in 2002. It was found that a large majority of the population was poor because of lack of employment, ill health and lack of education. Poverty did not allow the people to pay for education or medicines even if they desired to. The Poverty Reduction Strategy implemented in Malawi led to the breakthrough of the cynicism of the poor who were tired of objectives and wanted resources to move towards a better lifestyle.
The MGDS, Malawi Growth and Development Strategy, acknowledged that agriculture was the major feeding ground for most of the poverty stricken classes. Improvements were made to make agriculture grow economically. It primarily targeted agriculture and promoted Malawi to become an export led nation. To make it an export led nation, work to improve irrigation and to lower manufacturing costs has been taken up. It further planned to expand on significant areas like tourism, mining and cotton.
To retain qualified health personnel, for good quality healthcare, salary top-ups were made after mid-term. The government was advised to improve the education program so as to make people aware of healthy eating habits and also to make people cautious of the spread of HIV. Primary education was made free.

Follow the series written on "Steps taken by different nations to eradicate poverty" by Jaanvi Agrawal.

A series to applaud the efforts made by different countries to try and eradicate poverty.


Brazil has reduced the number of people living in poverty by a significant number through various policies like Bolsa Familia and Brasil Sem Miseria. The nation has worked actively to eradicate poverty by providing monetary help in return of regular medical check up and education. Citizens leading a life of poverty are provided with this facility. It is the largest conditional cash transfer programs of the world. It gives the citizens to overcome their short term problems and takes care of the long term issues they might face.
Bolsa Familia provides financial aid to poor families in Brazil. A family must ensure, in return, that the child goes to school and is vaccinated. If the child takes more leaves than permitted, the family is dropped from the welfare scheme. Brasil Sem Miseria , an extension of Bolsa Familia , is planned on the basis of expansion of public services like sanitation, dental healthcare, day care facilities, literacy and electricity.

Brazil has worked hard on improving it’s education system leading to high skilled workers and better income rates. Minimum wage is dependent on the past year’s inflation and not on the propaganda of the current ruling party. The minimum wage brings people from across genders, races, monetary status together and is a step towards eradicating poverty.
Follow the series written on "Steps taken by different nations to eradicate poverty" by Jaanvi Agrawal.


The victory of several far-right organizations has emboldened the xenophobic elements of our society.

Do read this article via link by Niranjan Jahagirdar and Krishnadev R Menon

#5: The Sepoy Mutiny of 1857

The traditional story of the Sepoy Mutiny is that the introduction of a new cartridge for the Enfield rifle provoked much of the trouble.

The cartridges were wrapped in paper, which had been coated in a grease which made the cartridges easier to load in rifle barrels. Rumors began to spread that the grease used to make the cartridges was derived from pigs and cows, which would be highly offensive to Muslims and Hindus.

On March 29, 1857, on the parade ground at Barrackpore, a sepoy named Mangal Pandey fired the first shot of the uprising. His unit in the Bengal Army, which had refused to use the new rifle cartridges, was about to be disarmed and punished. Pandey rebelled by shooting British sergeant-major and a lieutenant.

In the altercation, Pandey was surrounded by British troops and shot himself in the chest. He survived, and was put on trial and hanged on April 8, 1857.

This mutiny is said to have bought the end of the English East India Company in India.
BITSMUN Pilani presents a new series on historic events that changed the world, written by Mainak Mandal.

DM to register.

#BITSMUNPilani #BITSMUN2018 #HistoricEventsThatChangedTheWorld #SepoyMutinyof1857 #MangalPandey

#4: Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott

The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a major event in the Civil Rights Movement. It occurred in Montgomery, Alabama where the city buses were segregated. Black passengers were required by law to ride in the back of the bus.
On December 1, 1955 Rosa Parks, an African American woman, refused to give her bus seat to a white person. She was arrested and sent to jail. In protest about 40,000 black people boycotted the Montgomery city buses, refusing to ride. The boycott lasted 381 days. On November 13, 1956, the United States Supreme Court issued its decision to desegregate the buses. In response the city of Montgomery passed a law allowing black passengers to sit anywhere on the buses. The boycott ended on December 20, 1956.
Parks' refusal to give up her seat accelerated the Civil Rights Movement and thrust it into global spotlight. The success of the movement has ended racial discrimination across the world to a good extent.

BITSMUN Pilani presents a new series on historic events that changed the world, written by Mainak Mandal.

#BITSMUNPilani #BITSMUN2018 #HistoricEventsThatChangedTheWorld #RosaParks #MontgomeryBusBoycott

Presenting the Executive Board for our third college committee, Lok Sabha.

Mr. Parth Pareek is a law graduate also holding degrees in finance and accounting. A soon to be published author he has an avid interest in Cricket and Music. He wants to lead the foray of educated youth into the politics of our nation.

A seasoned and passionate debater he attended his first MUN conference as a Sixth Grader and has become hooked to the concept of academic simulations ever since. He went on to attend more than a hundred such simulations in varying capacities and is truly one of the veterans of such debates in India. An ardent supporter of Centre-right wing politics he seeks to inspire people who are young of age to exercise their democratic rights of electing the right government to bring constructive change or becoming a part of the government by being the elected.
With varying fields of interests he claims that life gradually ensures that each person stumble upon his/her passions. What matters in the end is the realisation on part of that individual. "My name is Bhoomik Sharma. I belong to Mansa, a young district in the State of Punjab. I completed my school from St. Peter's College, Agra. I later graduated from Jaypee University of Engineering and Technology, Guna in Mechanical Engineering. I started debating in my senior years at school and my first Youth Parliament was in the January of 2014, at a sister institute in Waknaghat. Since then I've been a part of several conferences including Youth Parliaments in various capacities across the nation.

I hope this conference will be everything I've heard about it. Looking forward to a constructive argument." Regards
Bhoomik Sharma

#3: The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir presumptive to the throne of Austria-Hungary, and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, happened on 28 June 1914 in Sarajevo. They were shot dead by Gavrilo Princip.
Princip was one of a group of six assassins (five from Serbia and one from Bosnia). The political reason for the assassination was to break off Austria-Hungary's South Slav provinces so they could be combined into a new country, Yugoslavia.

This soon led to the outbreak of war in Europe at the end of July 1914. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. Both country's allies became involved in the war, and soon most of Europe became involved. The Archduke's death is considered to be the event that marked the beginning of the First World War.

BITSMUN Pilani presents a new series on historic events that changed the world, written by Mainak Mandal.

#BITSMUNPilani #BITSMUN2018 #HistoricEventsThatChangedTheWorld #FranzFerdinand

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