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American History Museum  Smithsonian's National Museum of American History. Current themes: #HistoryResolutions & #Philanthropy! Hosts: Erin & Jordan. Legal: si.edu/termsofuse

http://s.si.edu/shared-identity

Happy Friday! We hope you get to spend some quality time with your best friends, furry or otherwise. Congrats on making it to the weekend, history fans! 🐕🐈🐇🐁🐢 📷: Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection 1895-1921, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
#DogsOfInstagram #CatsOfInstagram #ColliesOfInstagram #BlackAndWhite #Stereograph #PhotoHistory #PhotographyHistory

How about some coffee from our elegant Meissen coffee pot from around 1730-1735? Friday is just around the corner but we need an extra pick-me-up this morning! ☕️ Our coffee pot features a colorful harbor scene, possibly inspired by a painting by one of the Dutch masters, and some peaceful waterside trees.
In addition to a caffeine boost, consider the social benefits of a coffee break. Coffee houses in the 18th century were almost exclusively male establishments. At home, however, men and women could gather casually around a pot of tea, coffee, or chocolate served in the private apartments of aristocratic women. In affluent middle-class households tea and coffee drinking was often the occasion for an informal family gathering.
We hope you have a good Thursday!
#TeaBreak #CoffeeBreak #Porcelain #DutchMasters #SmithsonianFood #FoodHistory #FoodStudies #CoffeeTime

2018 resolution: Get back on the bike! This 1890s tintype shows a young woman with a bike. The cycling craze coincided with a movement for common-sense clothing for women. Corsets were redesigned.
Only the most daring American women chose to wear bloomers when awheel. Many opted for specialty cycling skirts with buttoning panels or other features. Most wore sturdy wool skirts that were just a bit shorter, or gathered their skirt with a special clip.
#NewYearsResolution #HistoryResolution #Vintage #Retro #Cycling #CyclingHistory #WomensHistory #SportsHistory #FashionHistory #VintageBike

2018 resolution: Plan ahead. Employers used motivational posters like this one from 1928 to encourage behaviors they wanted to see in their staff. #NewYearsResolution #HistoryResolution #BusinessHistory #LaborHistory #2018Goals #TuesdayMotivation #MondayMotivation #MotivationalPoster #GraphicDesign #1920s #Typography #PosterDesign
[🐎: F.F. Randolph Poster Collection, Archives Center]

On this day in 1929, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is born. Buttons like these, part of the museum's political history collections, were worn to express support for creating a federal holiday in King's honor. #MLKDay

King's assassination in Memphis, Tennessee, on April 4, 1968, transformed the civil rights leader into an icon of the struggle to fulfill the American promise of equality for all. On April 8, 1968, just four days after King's assassination, Congressman John Conyers introduced a bill to establish a federal holiday in his honor. For supporters of the legislation, the holiday was an effort to place Dr. King and the civil rights movement into the national narrative. Advocates of #MLKDay faced strong resistance, however, which required years of organizing to overcome. In 1983, the King Holiday bill was signed into law. Initially, only twenty-seven states officially acknowledged the holiday, and it was not until until the year 2000 that all fifty U.S. states recognized #MLKDay.

The campaign to establish #MLKDay raises questions central to the American experience. Do we need a shared national identity? And if there are to be common beliefs and a national narrative that expresses the values of our nation, what should be included? Follow the link in our bio to see how we explore these questions through the prism of #MLKDay in our exhibition, "American Democracy: A Great Leap of Faith." #MLKDay #MLKWeekend #AmericanHistory #NationalHolidays #CivilRightsMovement #NationWebBuildTogether

2018 Resolution: Take better photos 📷. Decades before selfie sticks were in vogue, Polaroid cameras like this Swinger 3000 gave people an affordable way to take photos and see the results within minutes.
In 1947, Edwin H. Land, founder of the Polaroid Corporation, first demonstrated his instant photographic process. Years of research and development culminated in the Polaroid Land camera Model 95 in 1948. The camera held eight 3 ¼ x 4 ¼” sepia-toned images, which began processing in the camera and finished developing once pulled out of it. Prints were usually ready in under sixty seconds ⏱. The low-cost Swinger camera and Type 20C black and white film were introduced in 1965, just two years after Polaroid perfected instant color film. Prize-winning ad campaigns using slogans such as “$19.95 swings it” were effective. The Swinger line was so popular that the company produced later models like the Polaroid Big Swinger 3000.
#NewYearsResolution #HistoryResolution #PhotoHistory #VintageCamera #BusinessHistory #AdvertisingHistory #2018Goals

2018 Resolution: Stay in touch with friends and family. A weekly 📞 call might help.
Western Electric manufactured the pink “Princess” telephone beginning in 1959. In mid-century America, as telephones became mainstream instruments of teen communication, phone manufacturers began designing specifically for the growing teenage market. Available in white, beige, pink, blue, and turquoise, the Princess was designed to be a bedside phone for teenagers—specifically teenage girls. To facilitate bedside use, the phone took up only a third of the space of the standard desk phone. It also had a night 💡under the dial—perfect for late-night conversations. These features were brought to the fore with the advertising slogan: “It’s little, it’s lovely, it lights!” #NewYearsResolution #HistoryResolution #PhoneHistory #Teens #TeenHistory #BusinessHistory #2018Goals #AdvertisingHistory

Evildoers beware—we have a new vehicle on display🦇. This Batmobile was featured in the 1989 Warner Brothers motion picture "Batman." The masked hero Batman, first introduced by DC Comics in 1939, has become one of the nation's most popular fictional characters. The "Batman" film brought the legend to the big screen, and its success ushered in a wave of blockbuster superhero movies that continues to this day.
Fighting crime in his home city of Gotham, Batman compensates for his lack of super abilities through formidable will, intellectual prowess, and technological inventions such as the Batmobile, an armored and weaponized car.
To many, superheroes are modern mythological figures. Audiences seek out their stories in comic books, films, theatrical productions, and video games. Many use these narratives to reflect upon and understand moral, political, and social issues, while using their interest in superheroes to develop and proclaim their own identities and to find like-minded communities.
The Batmobile is on loan to the museum courtesy of Warner Bros. Entertainment, Inc. It will be on display through this summer though it may move to another location in the museum.
#Batman #ComicHistory #CulturalHistory #Entertainment #Superheroes #Batmobile #1989 #myDCcool #aCreativeDC #FreeInDC #WashingtonDC

2018 resolution: Start the weekend as early as possible. Frank Gilbreth's stopwatch might come in handy ⏱. In the early 1900s, Lillian Gilbreth and her husband Frank developed a system for analyzing human motion in time using custom stopwatches, specialized timers, and still and moving pictures. Their main clients were industrial managers, who sought to increase worker output while saving time and 💵. Their study subjects were workers, whose job satisfaction the Gilbreths hoped to increase as they decreased wasted motions.
The Gilbreths did not invent stopwatch studies. In fact, watches were secondary in their system of motion study—a direct reaction to worker resistance to earlier stopwatch studies conducted in industrial workplaces by management reformer Frederick Winslow Taylor beginning in the 1880s. Taylor's approach came to be known as Taylorism or "scientific management" and included numerous measures to make industry more productive and cost-efficient.
Taylor's work inspired generations of industrial engineers, many of whom continued to use stopwatches in their research well into the 1960s—much to workers' dismay.
#NewYearsResolution #HistoryResolution #TGIF #VintageWatch #BusinessHistory #LaborHistory #2018Goals

2018 resolution: Try to cut the cord 🔌. Maybe listen to the radio instead? Devices like this Globe Trotter 8 Transistor Radio 📻 made it much easier for people to listen to 🎶 on the move in the 1950s.
Before 1954, so-called "portable" radio receivers used vacuum tubes to receive and amplify signals, and the large batteries needed to power most tubes made radios large and heavy. The invention of transistors in 1947 allowed engineers to design radios that could fit in a large pocket. When these radios hit the market in the mid-1950s, they made listening to music and other broadcasts a mobile experience. Teenagers, in particular, loved the new freedom that transistor radios granted. This particular RCA receiver from 1956 used 8 transistors and ordinary flashlight batteries 🔦🔋. #NewYearsResolution #HistoryResolution #Radio #BusinessHistory #MusicHistory #Cordcutters #Teen

2018 resolution: Learn a new skill. Maybe violin? This practice violin was made in Mittenwald, Germany, by an unknown maker around 1910. Constructed to have a very muted sound, it was designed as a teaching tool for technique development. 🎼🎻 The solid S-shaped body is joined to a traditional violin neck, pegbox and scroll to achieve the vibrating string length of a normal violin.
#HistoryResolution #NewYearsResolution #Violin #LearningViolin #2018Goals #MusicHistory

2018 resolution: Save some cash, maybe by saving on our utility bills? We'll keep an eagle eye on our thermostats. In the early 20th century, most Americans heated their homes with manually operated furnaces down in the basement, where they'd have to stoke the coal. Albert Butz's "damper-flapper" system was patented in 1886 and allowed home owner to set the thermostat to a certain temperature. That would would open a damper to the furnace, increasing the fire and heating the house.
Later innovations allowed for the thermostats to use gas lines, incorporate electricity, turn on at a set time, include heating and cooling in one mechanism. Today, they even connect to the internet.

From left to right: Williams Oil-O-Matic Thermostat made in Illinois in the 1930s, Penn Electric Switch Company Thermostat made in Iowa in the 1930s, and the Time-O-Stat 8-Day Thermostat by the Time-O-Stat Controls Corporation of Elkhart, Indiana, around 1932.
#MoneySaving #UtilityBills #HistoryResolution #NewYearsResolution #2018Goals #Innovation

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