In the latter half of the 4th century AD, the Sassanid King Shapur II decided to invade Armenia in order to provoke the Romans to an armed confrontation.
During this time, the Roman Empire was on the back foot in the East, and Shapur cleverly wanted to exploit the recent defeat of emperor Julian in his favor.
He invaded Armenia with a force led mainly by local Nalharars loyal to him and hostile to the romans.
He defeated most of the Armenian nobles loyal to the roman emperor, throwing those who were captured in prison.
An armenian prince called Papak however fled to the romans with a small armed retinue.
The Eastern Emperor Valens cleverly exploited the situation by making to the Persians.
Valens sent his best generals, Traianus and Vadomarius, in Armenia in order to place the Pro-Roman Papak on the throne.
The Roman defeated the Pro-Sassanid Nakharars and finally Shapur himself near Bagavan.
With Pap now on the throne, Valens thought he had brought peace to a now pro roman Armenia.
But armenia was a feudal territory, and the local Nakharars resented Papak’s increasingly centralized rule.
Papak led Armenia into a crisis situation, and executed the Pro Roman Patriarch Narses.
Valens, fearing that Papak was alliying himself with Dhapur in order to defeat the feudal lords(which is probable), ordered his general Traianus to invite Papak to a lavish banquet.
Papak and Traianus feasted the whole night, but, when Trajanus gave the signal, one of Papak’s own guards produced a sword and struck him down on the spot.
Valens then placed an Armenian general with close ties to the Romans on the throne.
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